Distinct Human Gut Microbial Taxonomic Signatures Uncovered With Different Sample Processing and Microbial Cell Disruption Methods for Metaproteomic Analysis



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García Durán, Carmen and Martínez López, Raquel and Zapico Megido, Inés and Pérez, Enrique and Romeu Gracia, Eduardo and Arroyo Nombela, Francisco Javier and Hernáez Sánchez, Maria Luisa and Pitarch Velasco, Aida and Monteoliva Díaz, Lucía and Gil, Concha (2021) Distinct Human Gut Microbial Taxonomic Signatures Uncovered With Different Sample Processing and Microbial Cell Disruption Methods for Metaproteomic Analysis. Frontiers in microbiology, 12 (618566). 18 p.. ISSN 1664-302X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.618566


The use of metaproteomics for studying the human gut microbiota can shed light on the taxonomic profile and the functional role of the microbial community. Nevertheless, methods for extracting proteins from stool samples continue to evolve, in the pursuit of optimal protocols for moistening and dispersing the stool sample and for disrupting microbial cells, which are two critical steps for ensuring good protein recovery. Here, we evaluated different stool sample processing (SSP) and microbial cell disruption methods (CDMs). The combination of a longer disintegration period of the stool sample in a tube rotator with sonication increased the overall number of identified peptides and proteins. Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Planctomycetes, and Euryarchaeota identification was favored by mechanical cell disruption with glass beads. In contrast, the relative abundance of Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, and Fusobacteria was improved when sonication was performed before bead beating. Tenericutes and Apicomplexa identification was enhanced by moistening the stool samples during processing and by disrupting cells with medium-sized glass beads combined with or without sonication. Human protein identifications were affected by sonication. To test the reproducibility of these gut metaproteomic analyses, we examined samples from six healthy individuals using a protocol that had shown a good taxonomic diversity and identification of proteins from Proteobacteria and humans. We also detected proteins involved in microbial functions relevant to the host and related mostly to specific taxa, such as B12 biosynthesis and short chain fatty acid (SCFA) production carried out mainly by members in the Prevotella genus and the Firmicutes phylum, respectively. The taxonomic and functional profiles obtained with the different protocols described in this work provides the researcher with valuable information when choosing the most adequate protocol for the study of certain pathologies under suspicion of being related to a specific taxon from the gut microbiota.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

Received: 17 October 2020 / Accepted: 14 June 2021 / Published: 05 July 2021.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Metaproteomics; Gut microbiota; Sample preparation; Cell disruption; Human proteins; Taxonomic profiles
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Analytic chemistry
Medical sciences > Biology > Microbiology
ID Code:68055
Deposited On:24 Feb 2022 11:23
Last Modified:24 Feb 2022 13:00

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