Experimental estimation of the longitudinal component of a highly focused electromagnetic field

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Maluenda, David and Avinoa, Marcos and Ahmadi, Kavan and Martínez Herrero, Rosario and Carnicer, Artur (2021) Experimental estimation of the longitudinal component of a highly focused electromagnetic field. Scientific reports, 11 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-97164-z




Abstract

The detection of the longitudinal component of a highly focused electromagnetic beam is not a simple task. Although in recent years several methods have been reported in the literature, this measure is still not routinely performed. This paper describes a method that allows us to estimate and visualize the longitudinal component of the field in a relatively simple way. First, we measure the transverse components of the focused field in several planes normal to the optical axis. Then, we determine the complex amplitude of the two transverse field components: the phase is obtained using a phase recovery algorithm, while the phase difference between the two components is determined from the Stokes parameters. Finally, the longitudinal component is estimated using the Gauss's theorem. Experimental results show an excellent agreement with theoretical predictions.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

© The Author(s) 2021.
Agencia Estatal de Investigación (PID2019-104268GB-C22 / AEI / 10.13039/501100011033, PID2019-104268GBC21
/ AEI / 10.13039/501100011033).

Uncontrolled Keywords:Spatial light-modulator; Subwavelength focal spot; Arbitrary vector beams; Phase-retrieval; Radial polarization; Complex modulation; Gerchberg-saxton; Electric-field; Diffraction; Generation
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Optics
ID Code:68171
Deposited On:11 Oct 2021 15:44
Last Modified:13 Oct 2021 07:20

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