Unearthing Neanderthal population history using nuclear and mitochondrial DNA from cave sediments

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Vernot, Benjamin and Zavala, Elena I. and Gomez-Olivencia, Asier and Jacobs, Zenobia and Slon, Viviane and Mafessoni, Fabrizio and Romagné, Frédéric and Pearson, Alice and Petr, Martin and Sala Burgos, Mª Teresa Nohemí and Pablos, Adrián and Aranburu, Arantza and Bermúdez de Castro, José María and Carbonell i Roura, Eudald and Li, Bo and Krajcarz, Maciej T. and Krivoshapkin, Andrey I. and Kolobova, Kseniya A. and Kozlikin, Maxim B. and Shunkov, Michael V. and Derevianko, Anatoly P. and Viola, Bence and Grote, Steffi and Essel, Elena and López Herráez, David and Nagel, Sarah and Nickel, Birgit and Richter, Julia and Schmidt, Anna and Peter, Benjamin and Kelso, Janet and Roberts, Richard G. and Arsuaga, Juan Luis and Meyer, Matthias (2021) Unearthing Neanderthal population history using nuclear and mitochondrial DNA from cave sediments. Science, 372 (6542). ISSN 0036-8075

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abf1667




Abstract

Environmental DNA can identify the presence of species, even from the distant past. Surveying three cave sites in western Europe and southern Siberia, Vernot et al. identified nuclear DNA and confirmed that it is from the close relatives of anatomically modern humans—Neanderthal and Denisovan individuals. A phylogenetic analysis and modeling show that the DNA in sediment samples from several layers corresponds to previously studied skeletal remains. These results demonstrate that environmental data can be applied to study the population genetics of the extinct Neanderthal and Denisovan lineages, identifying a turnover of Neanderthal populations ∼100,000 years ago.


Item Type:Article
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:68702
Deposited On:11 Nov 2021 15:40
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 11:30

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