Universal Social Pensions Are Unaffordable … Not! Testing the Unaffordability Hypothesis in Latin America and the Caribbean

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Cruz-Martínez, Gibrán (2021) Universal Social Pensions Are Unaffordable … Not! Testing the Unaffordability Hypothesis in Latin America and the Caribbean. Forum for Development Studies . ISSN 0803-9410

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/08039410.2021.1998212




Abstract

Is universal social assistance unaffordable? Targeting social policy has been praised as a magic solution to select the ‘deserving poor’ and efficiently use the scarce resources in the Global South. The article tests the unaffordability hypothesis using five counterfactual analyses based on expenditure redirection (military expenditure, energy subsidies, and the potential illegal/odious external debt servicing) and increasing tax revenues (income and trade tax) in up to thirty-three countries. The article shows the revenue-generating potential of taxes and reprioritising expenditures from unproductive to productive areas to finance – totally or partly- basic universal social pensions in large part of Latin America and the Caribbean; therefore, dispelling the unaffordability myth.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pensions; Social assistance; Social insurance; Social policy; Social protection; Targeting; Welfare state
Subjects:Social sciences > Sociology > Statistics and social indicators
Social sciences > Sociology > Aged
ID Code:68782
Deposited On:18 Nov 2021 08:59
Last Modified:18 Nov 2021 09:37

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