Can we retrieve information from quantum thermalized states?



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Lóbez, C. M. and Relaño Pérez, Armando (2021) Can we retrieve information from quantum thermalized states? Journal of statistical mechanics : theory and experiment, 2021 (8). ISSN 1742-5468

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We propose a protocol to prepare thermalized states storing relevant amounts of information about their past, and we study their resilience and the conditions under which we can profit from them. This protocol is based on the existence of an integrable stage in the preparation process, which makes it possible to record these amounts of information in the expected value of the corresponding integral of motion. By means of numerical calculations on the paradigmatic Dicke model, we show that it is possible to lead a quantum system onto a highly chaotic region, in which the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis is fulfilled and hence we find thermalization, without erasing this information. Notwithstanding, we also propose the existence of a quantum mechanism that mimics the high sensitivity to the initial conditions, the trademark of classical chaos, and thus constitutes a powerful tool for information erasure. Its efficiency is rapidly increased with the number of particles, and hence the proposed protocol is only applicable to small quantum systems. It is induced by avoided level crossings in the transition from integrability to chaos, and it is switched on when the system goes through this transition with finite rapidity. We also show that the same mechanism contributes to hide this information from equilibrium measurements when the system follows the same path in the adiabatic limit.

Item Type:Article
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© 2021 IOP Publishing Ltd and SISSA Medialab srl. This work has been supported by the Spanish Grant No. PGC2018-094180-B-I00 (MCIU/AEI/FEDER, EU). A R acknowledges A L Corps for his critical review of the manuscript.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Phase-transition; Statistical-mechanics; Dynamics; Systems
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:68785
Deposited On:18 Nov 2021 08:48
Last Modified:21 Aug 2022 22:00

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