Constant of Motion Identifying Excited-State Quantum Phases



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Corps, Angel L. and Relaño Pérez, Armando (2021) Constant of Motion Identifying Excited-State Quantum Phases. Physical review letters, 127 (13). ISSN 0031-9007

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We propose that a broad class of excited-state quantum phase transitions (ESQPTs) gives rise to two different excited-state quantum phases. These phases are identified by means of an operator (C) over cap, which is a constant of motion in only one of them. Hence, the ESQPT critical energy splits the spectrum into one phase where the equilibrium expectation values of physical observables crucially depend on this constant of motion and another phase where the energy is the only relevant thermodynamic magnitude. The trademark feature of this operator is that it has two different eigenvalues +/- 1, and, therefore, it acts as a discrete symmetry in the first of these two phases. This scenario is observed in systems with and without an additional discrete symmetry; in the first case, (C) over cap explains the change from degenerate doublets to nondegenerate eigenlevels upon crossing the critical line. We present stringent numerical evidence in the Rabi and Dicke models, suggesting that this result is exact in the thermodynamic limit, with finite-size corrections that decrease as a power law.

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© 2021 American Physical Society. We acknowledge financial support from Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades/Agencia Estatal de Investigación (MCIU/AEI/FEDER, EU) under Grant No. PGC2018-094180-B-I00.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Transitions; Dynamics; Thermalization; Monodromy; Systems; Chaos; Model
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:68787
Deposited On:18 Nov 2021 08:49
Last Modified:18 Nov 2021 09:38

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