Upper Hauterivian nautiloids and associated invertebrate assemblage from the Barranco de la Muela section (southeastern Spain): Systematic, biostratigraphic and palaeoenvironmental implications

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Barroso Barcenilla, Fernando and Berrocal Casero, Melani and Callapez, Pedro Miguel and Company Sempere, Miguel and Pérez Valera, Fernando and Pérez Valera, Juan Alberto (2022) Upper Hauterivian nautiloids and associated invertebrate assemblage from the Barranco de la Muela section (southeastern Spain): Systematic, biostratigraphic and palaeoenvironmental implications. Cretaceous research., 130 (105003). ISSN 0195-6671

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0195667121002512



Abstract

The lower part of the Lower Cretaceous Bolos Sandstone Formation as exposed in the Barranco de la Muela section (Sierra de la Muela Range, southeastern Spain) yields two species of ornamented nautiloids, Cymatoceras neocomiense and Eucymatoceras plicatum. These have been collected together with other cephalopods (ammonoids, belemnites) and different invertebrates (corals, brachiopods, bivalves, gastropods, echinoids). This fossil assemblage includes numerous large macroconchs of the ammonite Pseudothurmannia mortilleti, here considered as a senior synonym of P. catulloi, index species of the homonymous subzone of the upper Hauterivian “Pseudothurmannia ohmi” Zone. On this basis, the here reported findings constitute the first biostratigraphically well-constrained records of C. neocomiense and E. plicatum, namely in the Pseudothurmannia catulloi Subzone. The presence of these two ornamented and relatively depressed nautiloids in fine sandstone levels interbedded with sandy marls of the Bolos Formation, together with the palaeoecological characteristics of the associated fauna suggest a nearshore to inner-middle shelf, shallow to moderately deep palaeoenvironment with mixed siliciclastic-carbonate sedimentation, and high to moderate energy.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Upper Hauterivian, Nautiloidea, Systematics, Biostratigraphy, Palaeoenvironmental interpretation, Other invertebrates
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Stratigraphic geology
Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:68821
Deposited On:19 Nov 2021 15:55
Last Modified:22 Nov 2021 08:22

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