Human CD3γ, but not CD3δ, haploinsufficiency differentially impairs γδ versus αβ surface TCR expression



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Muñoz Ruiz, Miguel and Pérez Flores, Verónica and Garcillán Goyoaga, Beatriz de and Guardo, Alberto C and Mazariegos, Marina S and Takada, Hidetoshi and Allende Martínez, Luis Miguel and Kilic, Sara S and Sanal, Ozden and Roifman, Chaim M and López Granados, Eduardo and Recio Hoyas, María José and Martínez Naves, Eduardo and Fernández Malavé, Edgar and Regueiro González-Barros, José Ramón (2013) Human CD3γ, but not CD3δ, haploinsufficiency differentially impairs γδ versus αβ surface TCR expression. BMC Immunology, 14 (3). pp. 1-7. ISSN 1471-2172

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Background: The T cell antigen receptors (TCR) of αβ and γδ T lymphocytes are believed to assemble in a similar fashion in humans. Firstly, αβ or γδ TCR chains incorporatea CD3δε dimer, then a CD3γε dimer and finally a ζζ homodimer, resulting in TCR complexes with the same CD3 dimer stoichiometry. Partial reduction in the expression of the highly homologous CD3γ and CD3δ proteins would thus be expected to have a similar impact in the assembly and surface expression of both TCR isotypes. To test this hypothesis, we compared the surface TCR expression of primary αβ and γδ T cells from healthy donors carrying a single null or leaky mutation in CD3G (γ+/−) or CD3D (δ+/−, δ+/leaky) with that of normal controls.
Results: Although the partial reduction in the intracellular availability of CD3γ or CD3δ proteins was comparable as a consequence of the mutations, surface TCR expression measured with anti-CD3ε antibodies was significantly more decreased in γδ than in αβ T lymphocytes in CD3γ+/− individuals, whereas CD3δ+/− and CD3δ+/leaky donors showed a similar decrease of surface TCR in both T cell lineages. Therefore, surface γδ TCR expression was more dependent on available CD3γ than surface αβ TCR expression. Conclusions: The results support the existence of differential structural constraints in the two human TCR isotypes regarding the incorporation of CD3γε and CD3δε dimers, as revealed by their discordant surface expression behaviour when confronted with reduced amounts of CD3γ, but not of the homologous CD3δ chain. A modified version of the prevailing TCR assembly model is proposed to accommodate these new data.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:T cells, CD3, Haploinsufficiency
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Immunology
ID Code:69224
Deposited On:15 Dec 2021 11:56
Last Modified:15 Dec 2021 11:56

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