Use of meat resources in the Early Pleistocene assemblages from Fuente Nueva 3 (Orce, Granada, Spain)



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Yravedra Sainz de los Terreros, José and Solano, José Antonio and Courtenay, Lloyd A. and Saarinen, Juha and Linares Matás, Gonzalo and Luzón, Carmen and Serrano Ramos, Alexia and Herranz Rodrigo, Darío and Cámara, José Miguel and Ruiz, Auxiliadora and Titton, Stefania and Rodriguez Alba, Juan José and Mielgo, Clara and Blain, Hugues-Alexandre and Agustí, Jordi and Sánchez Bandera, Christian and Montilla, Eva and Toro-Moyano, Isidro and Fortelius, Mikael and Oms, Oriol and Barsky, Deborah and Jiménez Arenas, Juan Manuel (2021) Use of meat resources in the Early Pleistocene assemblages from Fuente Nueva 3 (Orce, Granada, Spain). Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 13 (12). ISSN 1866-9557

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Over the last few decades, several types of evidence such as presence of hominin remains, lithic assemblages, and bones with anthropogenic surface modifcations have demonstrated that early human communities inhabited the European subcontinent prior to the Jaramillo Subchron (1.07–0.98 Ma). While most studies have focused primarily on early European lithic technologies and raw material management, relatively little is known about food procurement strategies. While there is some evidence showing access to meat and other animal-based food resources, their mode of acquisition and associated butchery processes are still poorly understood. This paper presents a taphonomic and zooarchaeological analysis of the Fuente Nueva-3 (FN3) (Guadix-Baza, Spain) faunal assemblage, providing a more in-depth understanding of early hominin subsistence strategies in Europe. The present results show that hominins had access to the meat and marrow of a wide range of animal taxa, including elephants, hippopotami, and small- and medium-sized animals. At the same time, evidence of carnivore activity at the site suggests that these communities likely faced some degree of competition from large predators when acquiring and processing carcasses.

Item Type:Article
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CRUE-CSIC (Acuerdos Transformativos 2021)

Uncontrolled Keywords:Early Pleistocene, aphonomy, Hominin-carnivore interactions, Zooarchaeology, Cut marks, Palaeolithic archaeology
Subjects:Humanities > History > Archaeology
Humanities > History > Prehistory
ID Code:69495
Deposited On:11 Jan 2022 08:40
Last Modified:18 Feb 2022 09:46

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