Dietary and Lifestyle Patterns in the Spanish Pediatric Population (One to <10 Years Old): Design, Protocol, and Methodology of the EsNuPI Study

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Madrigal, Casandra and Soto-Méndez, María José and Hernández-Ruiz, Ángela and Ruiz, Emma and Valero, Teresa and Ávila, José Manuel and Lara-Villoslada, Federico and Leis, Rosaura and Martínez de Victoria, Emilio and Moreno, José Manuel and Ortega Anta, Rosa María and Ruiz-López, María Dolores and Varela-Moreiras, Gregorio and Gil, Ángel (2019) Dietary and Lifestyle Patterns in the Spanish Pediatric Population (One to <10 Years Old): Design, Protocol, and Methodology of the EsNuPI Study. Nutrients, 11 (12). p. 3050. ISSN 2072-6643

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11123050




Abstract

The interest in a healthy diet and lifestyle during the early stages of life increased, pointing out its role in the development of noncommunicable chronic diseases throughout adult life. Dietary habits and dietary patterns begin to be established in early childhood and persist during adulthood. Therefore, the EsNuPI (“Nutritional Study in Spanish Pediatric Population”) study aims to depict the dietary patterns, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors in Spanish children aged from one to <10 years old. This prospective, cross-sectional, observational study recruited a total of 1514 children from Spanish cities with >50,000 inhabitants, stratified by Nielsen areas. Participants were involved in one face-to-face survey, followed by a telephone survey after at least one week. Information about dietary intake and habits was obtained using a quantitative food frequency questionnaire and two 24-h dietary recalls. Physical activity and sedentary behaviors were registered using a specific questionnaire based on a seven-day record. Data were processed and stratified by categorical variables to be statistically analyzed in order to meet the study objectives. This study is the firs of its kind in a Spanish reference population of this age range and the first to evaluate whether the consumption of adapted milk formulas and dairy products is associated with healthier dietary patterns and better diet quality and lifestyles in this group.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:dietary habits; feeding behaviors; food intake; physical activity; sedentary behaviors; pediatrics; Spanish children; dairy products; infant formula; EsNuPI study
Subjects:Medical sciences > Pharmacy > Dietetics and nutrition
ID Code:69785
Deposited On:01 Feb 2022 10:36
Last Modified:01 Feb 2022 11:16

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