Dissolution and sorption mechanisms at the aluminosilicate and carbonate mineral-AMD (Acid Mine Drainage) interface

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Kollias, K. and Godelitsas, Athanasios and Astilleros García-Monge, José Manuel and Ladas, S. and Lagoyannis, Anastasios and Mavromoustakos, Th. (2021) Dissolution and sorption mechanisms at the aluminosilicate and carbonate mineral-AMD (Acid Mine Drainage) interface. Applied Geochemistry, 131 (105027). ISSN 0883-2927

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0883292721001591



Abstract

Aluminosilicate/silicate and carbonate materials (pure and industrial) interacted with natural Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) under ambient conditions for different time periods in order to elucidate the chemical processes at the aluminosilicate and carbonate mineral-AMD interface. More precisely, powdered materials were subjected to macroscopic neutralization experiments (using on-line pH-measurements, Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy, Powder X-ray Diffraction and Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy), whereas interacted mm-sized single crystals were examined by means of nanoscale microscopic (in-situ Atomic Force Microscopy) and surface & bulk spectroscopic techniques (X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, 12C-Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy, Solid-State 29Si and 27Al Magic-Angle-Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance). The carbonates were proven to be more effective for neutralization of AMD, related to adequate removal of metals from the contaminated aqueous medium, but they are readily dissolved. The application of aluminosilicate/silicates showed that the removal of metals is considerably lower, and the pH stabilized at lower values, but they are more resistant. The investigation of interacted zeolite and calcite crystals revealed changes to the macrotopography, microtopography and nanotopography of surfaces. It was indicated that coupled dissolution and sorption (surface precipitation/co-precipitation, nucleation/crystal growth, adsorption or even absorption-including solid-state diffusion) phenomena occur simultaneously. Based on the experimental results, two generalized models -in nano(molecular)-scale- can be suggested regarding interaction of AMD with aluminosilicate and carbonate mineral surfaces.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Acid mine drainage, HEU zeolite, Calcite, Mineral surfaces, Dissolution and sorption mechanisms, Atomic force microscopy, Surface analysis, 29Si and 27Al NMR spectroscopy
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Geochemistry
ID Code:69844
Deposited On:27 Jan 2022 14:57
Last Modified:01 Feb 2022 08:55

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