Sources of Dietary Sodium in Food and Beverages Consumed by Spanish Schoolchildren between 7 and 11 Years Old by the Degree of Processing and the Nutritional Profile

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Cuadrado Soto, Esther and Peral Suárez, África and Aparicio Vizuete, Aránzazu and Perea, Jose and Ortega Anta, Rosa María and López Sobaler, Ana María (2018) Sources of Dietary Sodium in Food and Beverages Consumed by Spanish Schoolchildren between 7 and 11 Years Old by the Degree of Processing and the Nutritional Profile. Nutrients, 10 (12). p. 1880. ISSN 2072-6643

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10121880




Abstract

Excessive salt intake has negative effects on health and persists as a dietary problem in Spanish children. However, the analysis of dietary sodium sources has not been extensively studied. A group of 321 children between 7 and 11 years old from five Spanish regional communities was studied. A three-day dietary record was used to determine the contribution of food and beverages to dietary sodium intake. The food consumed was classified based on the level of processing (NOVA classification) and the nutritional profile. Boys consumed more dietary sodium and sodium from ultra-processed food (UPF) than girls (p < 0.05). The main sources of dietary sodium from discretionary food were meat and meat products (25.1%), some ready-to-eat and pre-cooked dishes (7.4%) and sugars and sweets (6.3%). More than 4/5 of the total dietary sodium consumed came from processed foods (PF) and UPF. Ready-to-eat and pre-cooked dishes (14.4%), meat and meat products (10.6%), and cereals (10.2%) were the most relevant UPF. These results demonstrate that a key point for Spanish children is a reduction in the sodium content in PF and UPF, whether these foods are for basic or discretionary consumption. Furthermore, a decrease in the frequency and the quantity of discretionary food consumption should be encouraged.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:sodium; food processing; ultra-processed; Spanish children; food environment; discretionary food; salt
Subjects:Medical sciences > Pharmacy > Dietetics and nutrition
ID Code:70040
Deposited On:07 Feb 2022 09:57
Last Modified:07 Feb 2022 15:32

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