A Middle Pleistocene Homo from Nesher Ramla, Israel



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Hershkovitz, Israel and May, Hila and Sarig, Rachel and Pokhojaev, Ariel and Grimaud-Hervé, Dominique and Bruner, Emiliano and Fornai, Cinzia and Quam, Rolf and Arsuaga, Juan Luis and Krenn, Viktoria A. and Martinón Torres, María and Bermúdez de Castro, José María and Martín-Francés, Laura and Slon, Viviane and Albessard-Ball, Lou and Vialet, Amélie and Schüler, Tim and Manzi, Giorgio and Profico, Antonio and Di Vincenzo, Fabio and Weber, Gerhard W. and Zaidner, Yossi (2021) A Middle Pleistocene Homo from Nesher Ramla, Israel. Science, 372 (6549). pp. 1424-1428. ISSN 0036-8075

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Official URL: https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.abh3169


It has long been believed that Neanderthals originated and flourished on the European continent. However, recent morphological and genetic studies have suggested that they may have received a genetic contribution from a yet unknown non-European group. Here we report on the recent discovery of archaic Homo fossils from the site of Nesher Ramla, Israel, which we dated to 140,000 to 120,000 years ago. Comprehensive qualitative and quantitative analyses of the parietal bones, mandible, and lower second molar revealed that this Homo group presents a distinctive combination of Neanderthal and archaic features. We suggest that these specimens represent the late survivors of a Levantine Middle Pleistocene paleodeme that was most likely involved in the evolution of the Middle Pleistocene Homo in Europe and East Asia.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:70104
Deposited On:04 Feb 2022 16:06
Last Modified:07 Feb 2022 09:29

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