H-Clinoptilolite as an Efficient and Low-Cost Adsorbent for Batch and Continuous Gallium Removal from Aqueous Solutions



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Sáez González, Patricia and Rodríguez Rodríguez, Araceli and Gómez Martín, José María and Paramio, C. and Fraile, C. and Díez Alcántara, Eduardo (2021) H-Clinoptilolite as an Efficient and Low-Cost Adsorbent for Batch and Continuous Gallium Removal from Aqueous Solutions. Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, 7 (4). pp. 1699-1716. ISSN 2199-3823

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40831-021-00437-0


In this paper, the gallium (III) ions’ adsorption onto protonated clinoptilolite (H-CLP) was investigated both in batch and fxed-bed column experiments. Regarding batch experiments, the infuence of some parameters such as adsorbent dosage, size particle, and temperature was studied, determining that a dosage of 10 g/L for an initial pollutant concentration of 40 mg/L leads to a removal percentage over 85% regardless of particle size and temperature. On the other hand, adsorption of gallium onto H-CPL is an endothermic and spontaneous process in the studied temperature range, concluding that the maximum adsorption capacity was 16 mg/g for 60 °C. Concerning to the efect of the presence of other cations in solution, such as Na+, K+, or Ca2+, gallium adsorption capacity only drops by 20%, although the initial concentration of other cations in the solution is 50 times higher than gallium concentration. This means that clinoptilolite has a high afnity for gallium which can be very favorable for further selectivity tests. A crucial factor for this high selectivity could be the protonation of clinoptilolite which allows working without modifying the pH of the aqueous solution with acid. In the fxed-bed experiments, breakthrough curves were obtained, and the efect of operation variables was determined. A breakpoint value of 254 min for 64 g of adsorbent and fow rate of 9.0 mL/min (7.0 BV/h) were obtained, when treating a pollutant volume of 33 BV. Additionally, the breakthrough curves were ftted to diferent models to study the particle size efect, being the best ft corresponding to the Adams–Bohart model. This fact confrmed the infuence of particle size on adsorption kinetics.

Item Type:Article
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CRUE-CSIC (Acuerdos Transformativos 2021)

Uncontrolled Keywords:Clinoptilolite, Adsorption, Strategic metal, Fixed bed
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Chemical engineering
ID Code:70130
Deposited On:08 Feb 2022 10:28
Last Modified:22 Feb 2022 09:58

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