Cut marks on the Middle Pleistocene elephant carcass of Áridos 2 (Madrid, Spain)



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Yravedra Sainz de los Terreros, José and Domínguez Rodrigo, Manuel and Santonja, Manuel and Pérez González, Alfredo and Panera, Joaquin and Rubio-Jara, Susana and Baquedano, Enrique (2010) Cut marks on the Middle Pleistocene elephant carcass of Áridos 2 (Madrid, Spain). Journal of Archaeological Science (37). pp. 2469-2476. ISSN 0305-4403

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Áridos 1 and Áridos 2 (Madrid, Spain) are two Middle Pleistocene sites belonging to the isotopic stages 9e11. Both places contain partial carcasses of Elephas (Paleoxodon) antiquus associated to Acheulian stone tools. In this work, the taphonomic study of the elephant remains of Áridos 2 is presented. This study has documented several cut marks on different bones, which indicate bulk flesh and viscerae extraction by Middle Pleistocene hominins. Several arguments are provided to support that at least some of the cut marks were made with handaxes, further suggesting that some of these artifacts were butchering tools in this stage of human evolution. Although cut marks on elephant carcasses have been documented at some Middle Pleistocene sites, very few have been published in detail to allow consideration of their status as hominin-imparted marks. By doing so, the present study provides more evidence of large carcass exploitation by hominins during this period.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Taphonomy, Cut marks, Middle Pleistocene, Butchery, Elephant
Subjects:Humanities > History > Prehistory
ID Code:70280
Deposited On:16 Feb 2022 13:43
Last Modified:16 Feb 2022 17:21

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