Clustering of Dietary Patterns, Lifestyles, and Overweight among Spanish Children and Adolescents in the ANIBES Study

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Pérez Rodrigo, Carmen and Gil, Ángel and González Gross, Marcela and Ortega Anta, Rosa María and Serra Majem, Lluis and Varela Moreiras, Gregorio and Aranceta Bartrina, Javier (2015) Clustering of Dietary Patterns, Lifestyles, and Overweight among Spanish Children and Adolescents in the ANIBES Study. Nutrients, 8 (1). p. 11. ISSN 2072-6643

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8010011




Abstract

Weight gain has been associated with behaviors related to diet, sedentary lifestyle, and physical activity. We investigated dietary patterns and possible meaningful clustering of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep time in Spanish children and adolescents and whether the identified clusters could be associated with overweight. Analysis was based on a subsample (n = 415) of the cross sectional ANIBES study in Spain. We performed exploratory factor analysis and subsequent cluster analysis of dietary patterns, physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and sleep time. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the association between the cluster solutions and overweight. Factor analysis identified four dietary patterns, one reflecting a profile closer to the traditional Mediterranean diet. Dietary patterns, physical activity behaviors, sedentary behaviors and sleep time on weekdays in Spanish children and adolescents clustered into two different groups. A low physical activity-poorer diet lifestyle pattern, which included a higher proportion of girls, and a high physical activity, low sedentary behavior, longer sleep duration, healthier diet lifestyle pattern. Although increased risk of being overweight was not significant, the Prevalence Ratios (PRs) for the low physical activity-poorer diet lifestyle pattern were >1 in children and in adolescents. The healthier lifestyle pattern included lower proportions of children and adolescents from low socioeconomic status backgrounds.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:cluster analysis; dietary patterns; physical activity; sedentary behavior; overweight; children; adolescents
Subjects:Medical sciences > Pharmacy > Dietetics and nutrition
ID Code:70301
Deposited On:14 Feb 2022 14:56
Last Modified:16 Feb 2022 09:11

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