Macronutrient Distribution and Dietary Sources in the Spanish Population: Findings from the ANIBES Study



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Ruiz, Emma and Ávila, José Manuel and Valero, Teresa and del Pozo, Susana and Rodriguez, Paula and Aranceta Bartrina, Javier and Gil, Ángel and González Gross, Marcela and Ortega Anta, Rosa María and Serra Majem, Lluis and Varela Moreiras, Gregorio (2016) Macronutrient Distribution and Dietary Sources in the Spanish Population: Findings from the ANIBES Study. Nutrients, 8 (3). p. 177. ISSN 2072-6643

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Our aim was to analyze dietary macronutrient intake and its main sources according to sex and age. Results were derived from the ANIBES (“Anthropometry, Intake and Energy Balance in Spain”) cross-sectional study using a nationally representative sample of the Spanish population (9–75 years old). Mean dietary protein intake was 74.5 ˘ 22.4 g/day, with meat and meat products as the main sources (33.0%). Mean carbohydrate intake was 185.4 ˘ 60.9 g/day and was higher in children and adolescents; grains (49%), mainly bread, were the main contributor. Milk and dairy products (23%) ranked first for sugar intake. Mean lipid intake was 78.1 ˘ 26.1 g/day and was higher in younger age groups; contributions were mainly from oils and fats (32.5%; olive oil 25.6%) and meat and meat products (22.0%). Lipid profiles showed relatively high monounsaturated fatty acid intake, of which olive oil contributed 38.8%. Saturated fatty acids were mainly (>70%) combined from meat and meat products, milk and dairy products and oils and fats. Polyunsaturated fatty acids were mainly from oils and fats (31.5%). The macronutrient intake and distribution in the Spanish population is far from population reference intakes and nutritional goals, especially for children and adolescents.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:macronutrient intake; dietary protein; dietary fat; carbohydrate intake; dietary fat quality sources; ANIBES study
Subjects:Medical sciences > Pharmacy > Dietetics and nutrition
ID Code:70302
Deposited On:14 Feb 2022 15:04
Last Modified:16 Feb 2022 09:13

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