The first comprehensive micro use-wear analysis of an early Acheulean assemblage (Thiongo Korongo, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania)

Impacto

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Bello Alonso, Patricia and Rios Garaizar, Joseba and Panera, Joaquin and Rubio-Jara, Susana and Pérez-González, Alfredo and Rojas Mendoza, Raquel and Baquedano, Enrique and Mabulla, Audax and Domínguez Rodrigo, Manuel and Santonja, Manuel (2021) The first comprehensive micro use-wear analysis of an early Acheulean assemblage (Thiongo Korongo, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania). Quaternary Science Reviews, 263 . p. 106980. ISSN 0277-3791, ESSN: 1873-457X

[thumbnail of JQSR_Pruebas imprenta.pdf] PDF
Restringido a Repository staff only hasta 1 July 2023.
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

3MB

Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.106980



Abstract

Probably, one of the biggest questions about the Acheulean is focused on the functional aspects of its lithic industry and, more specifically, its link to subsistence activities developed by hominins during the Early Stone Age. Historically, tecno-functional research on ESA techno-complex has focused on the role played by flakes and LCT in the processing of animal carcasses, but less attention has been payed to other possible activities related with subsistence and tool making. Previous traceological studies on African Lower Paleolithic lithic industries have shown the complexity of activities made with the earliest lithic tools, including not only the processing of animal carcasses, but also activities dedicated to processing wood, non-woody plants and underground storage organs (USOs). In this paper we present the use-wear results obtained from the analysis of the Early Acheulean lithic tools with potentially functional edges which are part of the lithic assemblage from the Thiongo Korongo archaeological site (TK) (Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania). The three main levels of the archaeological site, TKSF, TKLSC and TKLF, have been used as samples. From 466 lithic artefacts analyzed, 16 pieces present sufficient preservation of use related traces that are able to clearly identify the activities developed when compared with experimental reference collections. As a result, we have identified activities mainly related with the cutting and scraping of wood and non-woody plants, including USOs. In addition, some pieces have also presented traces indicating the processing of animal carcasses. These data provides important information about different activities developed in TK by early hominids, allowing us to make broader inferences about the different subsistence activities carried out during the Acheulean in Eastern Africa.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Use-wear, Olduvai Gorge, Thiongo korongo, Naibor quartzite Basalts, Archaeological results
Subjects:Humanities > History > Prehistory
ID Code:70452
Deposited On:22 Feb 2022 10:51
Last Modified:22 Feb 2022 13:09

Origin of downloads

Repository Staff Only: item control page