Characteristic periods of the paleosecular variation of the Earth's magnetic field during the Holocene from global paleoreconstructions



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González López, Alicia and Arquero Campuzano, Saioa and Molina Cardín, Alberto and Pavón Carrasco, Francisco Javier and De Santis, A. and Osete López, María Luisa (2021) Characteristic periods of the paleosecular variation of the Earth's magnetic field during the Holocene from global paleoreconstructions. Physics of the earth and planetary interiors, 312 . p. 106656. ISSN 0031-9201

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The knowledge of the secular variation of the geomagnetic field at different time scales is important to determine the mechanisms that maintain the geomagnetic field and can help to establish constraints in dynamo theories. We have focused our study on the secular variation at millennial and centennial time scale searching for characteristic periods during the last 10 kyr. The frequency study was performed using four recent updated global paleomagnetic field reconstructions (SHA.DIF.14k, CALS10k.2, BIGMUDI4k and SHAWQ2k) by applying three techniques commonly used in signal analysis: the Fourier transform, the Empirical Mode Decomposition, and the wavelet analysis.
Short-term variability of the geomagnetic field energy shows recurrent periods of around 2000, 1000–1400, and 600–800 and 250–400 years. The characteristic time around 600–800 years is well determined in all paleomagnetic reconstructions and it is mostly related to the axial dipole and axial octupole terms, but also observable in the equatorial dipole. In addition to this period, longer characteristic times of around 1000–1400 years are found particularly in the equatorial dipole and quadrupole terms in SHA.DIF.14k, CALS10k.2 and BIGMUDI4k while the 2000 year period is only well determined in the total geomagnetic field energy of SHA. DIF.14k and CALS10k.2. The most detailed paleoreconstructions for younger times also detect shortest characteristic times of around 250–400 years.
The long-term variation of the geomagnetic energy is only observable in the axial dipole. A characteristic period of around 7000 years in both SHA.DIF.14k and CALS10k.2 has been found. This long period is related to two decays in the dipole field and a period of increasing intensity. The oldest decay took place between 7000 BCE and 4500 BCE and the present decay that started around 100 BCE. We have modeled the 4500 BCE up to present variation as a combination of a continuous decay, representing the diffusion term of the geomagnetic field, and one pulse that reinforces the strength of the field. Results show a characteristic diffusion time of around 11,000–15,000 years, which is compatible with the diffusion times of the dipole field used in geodynamo theories.

Item Type:Article
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CRUE-CSIC (Acuerdos Transformativos 2021)

Uncontrolled Keywords:Geomagnetic field, Global reconstruction of the geomagnetic field, Frequency analysis, Paleosecular variation
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Electromagnetism
ID Code:70529
Deposited On:17 Feb 2022 10:49
Last Modified:18 Feb 2022 12:54

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