Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Physical and Psychological Wellbeing in Cardiovascular Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Marino, Flavia and Failla, Chiara and Carrozza, Cristina and Ciminata, Maria and Chilà, Paola and Minutoli, Roberta and Genovese, Sara and Puglisi, Alfio and Arnao, Antonino A. and Tartarisco, Gennaro and Corpina, Flavio and Gangemi, Sebastiano and Ruta, Liliana and Cerasa, Antonio and Vagni, David and Pioggia, Giovanni (2021) Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Physical and Psychological Wellbeing in Cardiovascular Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Brain Sciences, 11 (6). p. 727. ISSN 2076-3425

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060727




Abstract

Background: Recently, there has been an increased interest in the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) for people with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), although the exact beneficial effects remain unclear. Methods: This review aims to establish the role of MBI in the management of wellbeing for patients with CVD. Seventeen articles have been included in this systematic synthesis of the literature and eleven in the meta-analysis. Results: Considering physical (i.e., heart rate, blood pressure) and psychological outcomes (i.e., depression, anxiety, stress, styles of coping), the vast majority of studies confirmed that MBI has a positive influence on coping with psychological risk factors, also improving physiological fitness. Random-effects meta-analysis models suggested a moderate-to-large effect size in reducing anxiety, depression, stress, and systolic blood pressure. Conclusions: Although a high heterogeneity was observed in the methodological approaches, scientific literature confirmed that MBI can now be translated into a first-line intervention tool for improving physical and psychological wellbeing in CVD patients.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:mindfulness; cardiovascular diseases; psychological outcome; physical outcome; systematic review
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Cardiology
Medical sciences > Medicine > Psychiatry
Medical sciences > Psychology
ID Code:70880
Deposited On:01 Mar 2022 15:43
Last Modified:02 Mar 2022 08:07

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