From Biomarkers to Models in the Changing Landscape of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Evolve or Become Extinct



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González Gascón y Marín, Isabel and Muñoz Novas, Carolina and Rodríguez Vicente, Ana-Eugenia and Quijada Álamo, Miguel and Hernández Sánchez, María and Pérez Carretero, Claudia and Ramos Ascanio, Victoria and Hernández Rivas, José Ángel (2021) From Biomarkers to Models in the Changing Landscape of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Evolve or Become Extinct. Cancers, 13 (8). p. 1782. ISSN 2072-6694

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hronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is an extremely heterogeneous disease. With the advent of oral targeted agents (Tas) the treatment of CLL has undergone a revolution, which has been accompanied by an improvement in patient’s survival and quality of life. This paradigm shift also affects the value of prognostic and predictive biomarkers and prognostic models, most of them inherited from the chemoimmunotherapy era but with a different behavior with Tas. This review discusses: (i) the role of the most relevant prognostic and predictive biomarkers in the setting of Tas; and (ii) the validity of classic and new scoring systems in the context of Tas. In addition, a critical point of view about predictive biomarkers with special emphasis on 11q deletion, novel resistance mutations, TP53 abnormalities, IGHV mutational status, complex karyotype and NOTCH1 mutations is stated. We also go over prognostic models in early stage CLL such as IPS-E. Finally, we provide an overview of the applicability of the CLL-IPI for patients treated with Tas, as well as the emergence of new models, generated with data from patients treated with Tas.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:chronic lymphocytic leukemia; prognosis; targeted therapy
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Hematology
Medical sciences > Medicine > Oncology
ID Code:70923
Deposited On:02 Mar 2022 17:16
Last Modified:03 Mar 2022 08:54

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