The Relative Age Effects in Educational Development: A Systematic Review



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Urruticoechea, Alar and Oliveri, Andrés and Vernazza, Elena and Gimenez Dasi, Marta Aranzazu and Martínez Arias, Rosario and Martín Babarro, Javier (2021) The Relative Age Effects in Educational Development: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (17). p. 8966. ISSN 1660-4601

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There is a large number of variables, studied in the literature, that affect the integral development of students in the educational stage, but few research analyze the effects that relative age can have on development. The aim of this study is to review and summarize the results obtained, on this subject, in recent research. The methodology used has followed the PRISMA declaration. The final sample is composed by 21 articles, which use data from 24 countries and 32 assessments. The main conclusions indicate that relatively younger children in same class groups: (a) obtain significantly lower mean scores in cognitive and motor tests, (b) have a higher repetition rate, and (c) have a less capacity of socialization. Finally, it should be noted that considering the results obtained by the research on relative age effect on child development, some authors propose to adapt educational practices to minimize these effects.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:age differences; developmental differences; education; educational process; systematic review
Subjects:Medical sciences > Psychology > Developmental psychology
Medical sciences > Psychology > Educational psychology
Humanities > Education
ID Code:71119
Deposited On:10 Mar 2022 14:07
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 09:44

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