Influence of Vision on Drivers: A Pilot Study

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Álvarez Peregrina, Cristina and Martínez Pérez, Clara and Villa Collar, César and Sánchez Tena, Miguel Ángel (2021) Influence of Vision on Drivers: A Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (22). p. 12116. ISSN 1660-4601

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212116




Abstract

Background: Driving is the main mode of transportation in many countries, and visual safety depends largely on good visual health. The objective of this study is to analyze the visual health of Spanish drivers; as well as analyze the difference between professional and non-professional drivers. Methods: A visual screening was carried out in Spanish drivers from all over Spain, in which the following tests were performed: monocular visual acuity in distance and near vision, visual field, stereopsis, contrast sensitivity, intraocular pressure and balance test binocular. Subsequently, a questionnaire was carried out on the patient’s driving data and ocular antecedents. Results: 74.5% of the drivers used glasses to drive, of which 61.5% used progressive glasses. However, 39.4% reported having difficulties seeing well. The mean visual acuity in the distance and near was 0.93 ± 0.13 and 0.94 ± 0.13, respectively. Significant differences have been found in accident risk based on visual acuity (p < 0.001). But no significant differences have been found in terms of visual field, stereopsis, contrast sensitivity, binocular balance and intraocular pressure (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Vision appears to play a key role in driving and a good visual assessment is recommended for early detection of visual problems that may affect road safety. A study with a larger sample size would be necessary to confirm the results of this pilot study.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:vision; driving; Spain
Subjects:Medical sciences > Optics
ID Code:71123
Deposited On:11 Mar 2022 14:41
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 10:23

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