Impacts of erosion on the sustainability of organic olive groves: a case study (Estepa Region, Southwestern Spain)

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Rodríguez Sousa, Antonio Alberto and Parra López, Carlos and Sayadi Gmada, Samir and Barandica Fernández, Jesús María and Rescia Perazzo, Alejandro Javier (2021) Impacts of erosion on the sustainability of organic olive groves: a case study (Estepa Region, Southwestern Spain). Sustainability, 13 (14). pp. 1-20. ISSN 2071-1050

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147983




Abstract

Spain has more than 2.5 M ha of olive groves, with 60% of this area (i.e., 1.5 M ha) concentrated in the region of Andalusia (Southern Spain). Assuming the socio-ecological characteristics of these crops, of which their contribution to ecosystemic services (ES) is fundamental for society, it is highly relevant to direct their management towards practices that guarantee their durability. Organic management of olive groves constitutes a multifunctional model that contributes to ensuring its sustainability and represents 2.4–3.5% of the olive grove area in Spain. Taking the Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) Estepa (Southwestern Spain) as a study model, where organic olive groves are novel, a study of the impacts of erosion on the economic, social, and environmental factors associated with this management was carried out in addition to estimating its impacts. The results showed how organic management promotes edaphic fertility, keeping the levels of diffuse pollution under the legislative limits. Although the increase in erosion has negative effects on the sustainability/durability of agricultural holdings, organic management consolidates a sustainable model that satisfies farmers’ demands. Therefore, organic farming is a model that focuses on the correct use of natural resources associated with the geographical region of study, and contributes to increasing the sustainability of olive groves.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biological diversity; Common agricultural policy; Ecosystem services; Diffuse pollution; Multifunctional agriculture; Socio-ecosystems; Soil fertility; Soil loss
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Ecology
Medical sciences > Biology > Soil science
ID Code:71133
Deposited On:10 Mar 2022 10:04
Last Modified:10 Mar 2022 10:45

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