Kinesiophobia Levels in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease: A Case-Control Investigation

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Jiménez Cebrián, Ana María and Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo, Ricardo and Losa Iglesias, Marta Elena and Labra, Carmen de and Calvo Lobo, César and Palomo López, Patricia and Martínez Jiménez, Eva María and Navarro Flores, Emmanuel (2021) Kinesiophobia Levels in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease: A Case-Control Investigation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (9). p. 4791. ISSN 1660-4601

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094791




Abstract

Background: Kinesiophobia can be an obstacle to physical and motor activity in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). PD affects patients’ independence in carrying out daily activities. It also impacts a patient’s biopsychosocial well-being. The objective of this study was to analyze the levels and scores of kinesiophobia in PD patients and compare them with healthy volunteers. Methods: We deployed a case-control study and recruited 124 subjects (mean age 69.18 ± 9.12). PD patients were recruited from a center of excellence for Parkinson’s disease (cases n = 62). Control subjects were recruited from the same hospital (control n = 62). Kinesiophobia total scores and categories were self-reported using the Spanish version of the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK-11). Results: Differences between cases and control groups were analyzed using the Mann–Whitney U test. Statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) were shown between groups when comparing kinesiophobia categories (or levels) and total scores, revealing higher kinesiophobia symptoms and levels in PD patients. All of the PD patients reported some degree of kinesiophobia (TSK-11 ≥ 18), while the majority of PD patients (77.3%) had kinesiophobia scores rated as moderate to severe (TSK-11 ≥ 25). On the other hand, ~45.1% of controls reported no or slight kinesiophobia and 53.2% reported moderate kinesiophobia. Conclusions: Total kinesiophobia scores were significantly higher in PD patients compared with healthy controls, with moderate to severe kinesiophobia levels prevailing in PD patients. Therefore, individuals living with PD should be evaluated and controlled in order to detect initial kinesiophobia symptoms.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:movement disorders; Parkinson’s disease; musculoskeletal and neural physiological phenomena
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Neurosciences
Medical sciences > Medicine > Physical medicine and medical rehabilitation
Medical sciences > Nursing > Physical therapy
ID Code:71210
Deposited On:14 Mar 2022 14:32
Last Modified:15 Mar 2022 08:58

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