Selective Inhibitory Control in Middle Childhood

Impacto

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Rincón Pérez, Irene and Sánchez Carmona, Alberto José and Arroyo Lozano, Susana and García Rubio, Carlos and Hinojosa Poveda, José Antonio and Fernández Jaén, Alberto and López Martín, Sara and Albert, Jacobo (2021) Selective Inhibitory Control in Middle Childhood. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (12). p. 6300. ISSN 1660-4601

[thumbnail of ijerph-18-06300-v2.pdf]
Preview
PDF
Creative Commons Attribution.

969kB

Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126300




Abstract

The main aim of this study was to investigate the development of selective inhibitory control in middle childhood, a critical period for the maturation of inhibition-related processes. To this end, 64 children aged 6–7 and 56 children aged 10–11 performed a stimulus-selective stop-signal task, which allowed us to estimate not only the efficiency of response inhibition (the stop-signal reaction time or SSRT), but also the strategy adopted by participants to achieve task demands. We found that the adoption of a non-selective (global) strategy characterized by stopping indiscriminately to all stimuli decreased in older children, so that most of them were able to interrupt their ongoing responses selectively at the end of middle childhood. Moreover, compared to younger children, older children were more efficient in their ability to cancel an initiated response (indexed by a shorter SSRT), regardless of which strategy they used. Additionally, we found improvements in other forms of impulsivity, such as the control of premature responding (waiting impulsivity), and attentional-related processes, such as intra-individual variability and distractibility. The present results suggest that middle childhood represents a milestone in the development of crucial aspects of inhibitory control, including selective stopping.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:executive control; selective stopping; strategies; SSRT; middle childhood
Subjects:Medical sciences > Psychology
Medical sciences > Psychology > Developmental psychology
ID Code:71243
Deposited On:15 Mar 2022 14:17
Last Modified:15 Mar 2022 16:51

Origin of downloads

Repository Staff Only: item control page