Sex Differences in the Incidence and Outcomes of Patients Hospitalized by Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) in Spain from 2016 to 2019

Impacto

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

López Muñiz Ballesteros, Belén and López Herranz, Marta and López de Andrés, Ana and Hernández Barrera, Valentín and Jiménez García, Rodrigo and Carabantes Alarcón, David and Jiménez Trujillo, Isabel and Miguel Díez, Javier de (2021) Sex Differences in the Incidence and Outcomes of Patients Hospitalized by Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) in Spain from 2016 to 2019. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 10 (16). p. 3474. ISSN 2077-0383

[thumbnail of jcm-10-03474.pdf]
Preview
PDF
Creative Commons Attribution.

306kB

Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10163474




Abstract

(1) Background: To assess sex differences in the incidence, characteristics, procedures and outcomes of patients admitted with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF); and to analyze variables associated with in-hospital mortality (IHM).
(2) Methods: We analyzed data collected by the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database, 2016–2019.
(3) Results: We identified 13,278 hospital discharges (66.4% men) of IPF (primary diagnosis 32.33%; secondary diagnosis: 67.67%). Regardless of the diagnosis position, IPF incidence was higher among men than women, increasing with age. Men had 2.74 times higher IPF incidence than women. Comorbidity was higher for men in either primary or secondary diagnosis. After matching, men had higher prevalence of pulmonary embolism and pneumonia, and women of congestive heart failure, dementia, rheumatoid disease and pulmonary hypertension. Invasive ventilation, bronchoscopy and lung transplantation were received more often by men than women. IHM was higher among men with IPF as primary diagnosis than among women and increased with age in both sexes and among those who suffered cancer, pneumonia or required mechanical ventilation.
(4) Conclusions: Incidence of IPF was higher among men than women, as well as comorbidity and use of bronchoscopy, ventilation and lung transplantation. IHM was worse among men than women with IPF as primary diagnosis, increasing with age, cancer, pneumonia or mechanical ventilation use.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis; incidence; in-hospital mortality; sex; Spain
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Pneumology
ID Code:71283
Deposited On:31 Mar 2022 14:44
Last Modified:31 Mar 2022 15:29

Origin of downloads

Repository Staff Only: item control page