Eccentric Dipole Evolution during the Last Reversal, Last Excursions, and Holocene Anomalies. Interpretation Using a 360-Dipole Ring Model



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González López, Alicia and Osete López, María Luisa and Arquero Campuzano, Saioa and Molina Cardín, Alberto and Rivera Pérez, Pablo and Pavón Carrasco, Francisco Javier (2021) Eccentric Dipole Evolution during the Last Reversal, Last Excursions, and Holocene Anomalies. Interpretation Using a 360-Dipole Ring Model. Geosciences, 11 (11). p. 438. ISSN 2076-3263

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The eccentric dipole (ED) is the next approach of the geomagnetic field after the generally used geocentric dipole. Here, we analyzed the evolution of the ED during extreme events, such as the Matuyama-Brunhes polarity transition (~780 ka), the Laschamp (~41 ka) and Mono Lake (~34 ka) excursions, and during the time of two anomalous features of the geomagnetic field observed during the Holocene: the Levantine Iron Age Anomaly (LIAA, ~1000 BC) and the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA, analyzed from ~700 AD to present day). The analysis was carried out using the paleoreconstructions that cover the time of the mentioned events (IMMAB4, IMOLEe, LSMOD.2, SHAWQ-Iron Age, and SHAWQ2k). We found that the ED moves around the meridian plane of 0–180◦ during the reversal and the excursions; it moves towards the region of the LIAA; and it moves away from the SAA. To investigate what information can be extracted from its evolution, we designed a simple model based on 360-point dipoles evenly distributed in a ring close to the inner core boundary that can be reversed and their magnitude changed. We tried to reproduce with our simple model the observed evolution of the ED, and the total field energy at the Earth’s surface. We observed that the modeled ED moves away from the region where we set the dipoles to reverse. If we consider that the ring dipoles could be related to convective columns in the outer core of the Earth, our simple model would indicate the potential of the displacement of the ED to give information about the regions in the outer core where changes start for polarity transitions and for the generation of important anomalies of the geomagnetic field. According to our simple model, the regions in which the most important events of the Holocene occur, or in which the last polarity reversal or excursion begin, are related to the regions of the Core Mantle Boundary (CMB), where the heat flux is low.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:geomagnetism; eccentric dipole; geomagnetic reversal; geomagnetic excursion; geomagnetic anomalies; South Atlantic Anomaly; Levantine Iron Age Anomaly
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Electromagnetism
ID Code:71416
Deposited On:22 Mar 2022 11:15
Last Modified:22 Mar 2022 11:16

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