Strategies to protect surfactant and enhance its activity

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De Luca, Daniele and Autilio, Chiara (2021) Strategies to protect surfactant and enhance its activity. Biomedical journal, 44 (6). pp. 654-662. ISSN 2319-4170

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bj.2021.07.011




Abstract

The knowledge about surfactant biology is now deeper and recent research has allowed to clarify its role in several human lung disorders. The balance between surfactant production and consumption is better known and the same applies to their regulatory mechanisms. This has allowed to hypothesize and investigate several new and original strategies to protect surfactant and enhance its activity. These interventions are potentially useful for several disorders and particularly for acute respiratory distress syndrome. We here highlight the mechanisms regulating surfactant consumption, encompassing surfactant catabolism but also surfactant injury due to other mechanisms, in a physiopathologydriven fashion. We then analyze each corresponding strategy to protect surfactant and enhance its activity. Some of these strategies are more advanced in terms of research & development pathway, some others are still investigational, but all are promising and deserve a joint effort from clinical-academic researchers and the industry.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Surfactant; Protection; Phospholipase A2
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Pneumology
Medical sciences > Biology > Biochemistry
ID Code:71557
Deposited On:31 Mar 2022 12:28
Last Modified:31 Mar 2022 15:31

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