First Partial Skeleton of a 1.34-Million-Year-Old Paranthropus boisei from Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania



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Domínguez Rodrigo, Manuel and Pickering, T.R. and Baquedano, Enrique and Mabulla, Audax and Mark, Darren F. and Musiba, C. and Bunn, Henry T. and Uribelarrea del Val, David and Smith, Victoria and Diez-Martín, Fernando and Pérez González, Alfredo and Sánchez Yustos, Policarpo and Santonja, Manuel and Barboni, Doris and Gidna, Agness and Ashley, G.M. and Yravedra Sainz de los Terreros, José and Heaton, Jason L. (2013) First Partial Skeleton of a 1.34-Million-Year-Old Paranthropus boisei from Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. PloS ONE, 8 (12). ISSN 1932-6203

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Recent excavations in Level 4 at BK (Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania) have yielded nine hominin teeth, a distal humerus fragment, a proximal radius with much of its shaft, a femur shaft, and a tibia shaft fragment (cataloged collectively as OH 80). Those elements identified more specifically than to simply Hominidae gen. et sp. indet are attributed to Paranthropus boisei. Before this study, incontrovertible P. boisei partial skeletons, for which postcranial remains occurred in association with taxonomically diagnostic craniodental remains, were unknown. Thus, OH 80 stands as the first unambiguous, dentally associated Paranthropus partial skeleton from East Africa. The morphology and size of its constituent parts suggest that the fossils derived from an extremely robust individual who, at 1.33860.024 Ma (1 sigma), represents one of the most recent occurrences of Paranthropus before its extinction in East Africa.

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Received July 29, 2013; Accepted October 1, 2013; Published December 5, 2013.
© 2013 Domínguez-Rodrigo et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Animals; Fossils; Hominidae; Organ Specificity; Paleontology; Skeleton; Tanzania
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:71830
Deposited On:21 Apr 2022 06:33
Last Modified:21 Apr 2022 08:22

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