Persistence of symmetry-protected Dirac points at the surface of the topological crystalline insulator SnTe upon impurity doping



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Arroyo Gascón, Olga and Baba, Yuriko and Cerdá, Jorge and Abril, Óscar de and Martínez, Ruth and Domínguez-Adame Acosta, Francisco and Chico, Leonor (2022) Persistence of symmetry-protected Dirac points at the surface of the topological crystalline insulator SnTe upon impurity doping. Nanoscale . ISSN 2040-3364

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We investigate the effect of a non-magnetic donor impurity located at the surface of the SnTe topological crystalline insulator. In particular, the changes on the surface states due to a Sb impurity atom are analyzed by means of ab initio simulations of pristine and impurity-doped SnTe. Both semi-infinite and slab geometries are considered within the first-principles approach. Furthermore, minimal and Green's function continuum models are proposed with the same goal. We find that the Dirac cones are shifted down in energy upon doping; this shift strongly depends on the position of the impurity with respect to the surface. In addition, we observe that the width of the impurity band presents an even-odd behavior by varying the position of the impurity. This behavior is related to the position of the nodes of the wave function with respect to the surface, and hence it is a manifestation of confinement effects. We compare slab and semi-infinite geometries within the ab initio approach, demonstrating that the surface states remain gapless and their spin textures are unaltered in the doped semi-infinite system. In the slab geometry, a gap opens due to hybridization of the states localized at opposite surfaces. Finally, by means of a continuum model, we extrapolate our results to arbitrary positions of the impurity, clearly showing a non-monotonic behavior of the Dirac cone.

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©2022 By the author(s), Royal Society of Chemistry
We thank Gloria Platero for generously sharing her computational resources and Sergio Bravo and Alvaro DiazFernandez for helpful discussions. This work was supported by Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad, Spanish MCIN and AEI and the European Union under Grants PGC2018-097018-B-I00 (MCIN/AEI/FEDER, UE), PRE2019088874 funded by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033 and by "ESF Investing in your future", and PID2019106820RB-C21.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Dielectric-constant; Mass
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Materials
Sciences > Physics > Solid state physics
ID Code:71917
Deposited On:04 May 2022 14:22
Last Modified:04 May 2022 15:01

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