The intrusive nature of the Châtelperronian in the Iberian Peninsula



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Rios Garaizar, Joseba and Iriarte, Eneko and Arnold, Lee J. and Sanchez Romero, Laura and Marín Arroyo, Ana B. and San Emeterio, Aixa and Gómez Olivencia, Asier and Pérez Garrido, Carlos and Demuro, Martina and Campaña, Isidoro and Bourguignon, Laurence and Benito Calvo, Alfonso and Iriarte, María J. and Aranburu, Arantza and Arranz Otaegi, Amaia and Garate, Diego and Silva Gago, María and Lahaye, Christelle and Ortega, Illuminada (2022) The intrusive nature of the Châtelperronian in the Iberian Peninsula. PLoS ONE . ISSN 1932-6203

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Multiple factors have been proposed to explain the disappearance of Neandertals between ca. 50 and 40 kyr BP. Central to these discussions has been the identification of new techno-cultural complexes that overlap with the period of Neandertal demise in Europe. One such complex is the Châtelperronian, which extends from the Paris Basin to the Northern Iberian Peninsula between 43,760–39,220 BP. In this study we present the first open-air Châtelperronian site in the Northern Iberian Peninsula, Aranbaltza II. The technological features of its stone tool assemblage show no links with previous Middle Paleolithic technology in the region, and chronological modeling reveals a gap between the latest Middle Paleolithic and the Châtelperronian in this area. We interpret this as evidence of local Neandertal extinction and replacement by other Neandertal groups coming from southern France, illustrating how local extinction episodes could have played a role in the process of disappearance of Neandertals.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
Humanities > History > Archaeology
ID Code:71939
Deposited On:26 Apr 2022 16:18
Last Modified:29 Apr 2022 06:49

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