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Repetitive Negative Thinking Processes Account for Gender Differences in Depression and Anxiety During Adolescence



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Espinosa, Fabiola and Martin Romero, Nuria and Sánchez López, Álvaro (2022) Repetitive Negative Thinking Processes Account for Gender Differences in Depression and Anxiety During Adolescence. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy . ISSN 1937-1217

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41811-022-00133-1


Rumination and worry are vulnerability factors involved in the early development of depression and anxiety during adolescence, particularly in girls. Current views conceptualize rumination and worry as transdiagnostic forms of repetitive negative thinking (RNT). However, most of research has analyzed them separately, without considering gender differences. We analyzed common and specific roles of rumination and worry in accounting for depressive and anxiety symptom levels overall and as a function of gender in adolescents (N = 159). Rumination and worry items were loaded into separate RNT factors. Girls showed a higher use of rumination and worry and higher levels of depression and anxiety than boys. Structural equation modeling supported that both RNT factors accounted for gender differences in symptom levels: rumination was the strongest mediator for depression and worry the strongest mediator for anxiety. Our findings support both general and specific contributions of RNT to account for affective symptomatology during adolescence, particularly in girls.

Item Type:Article
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CRUE-CSIC (Acuerdos Transformativos 2022)

Uncontrolled Keywords:Repetitive negative thinking, Depression, Anxiety, Adolescence, Gender diferences
Subjects:Medical sciences > Psychology
Medical sciences > Psychology > Clinical psychology and psychodiagnostics
Medical sciences > Psychology > Developmental psychology
ID Code:72354
Deposited On:24 May 2022 15:11
Last Modified:25 May 2022 07:35

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