Rapid Intensity Decrease During the Second Half of the First Millennium BCE in Central Asia and Global Implications

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Bonilla Alba, Raquel and Gómez Paccard, M. and Pavón Carrasco, Francisco Javier and del Rio, J. and Beamud, E. and Martínez Ferreras, V. and Gurt Esparraguera, J. M. and Arino Gil, E. and Palencia Ortas, A. and Martín Hernández, Fátima and Chauvin, A. and Osete López, María Luisa (2021) Rapid Intensity Decrease During the Second Half of the First Millennium BCE in Central Asia and Global Implications. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 126 (10). ISSN 2169-9313

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2021JB022011




Abstract

Recent paleomagnetic studies have shown that important short-lived intensity fluctuations occurred during the first millennium BCE. However, the knowledge of the spatial and temporal extension of these features is still limited by the scarce availability of robust data. In this study we focus on the study of the intensity decrease that took place in Central Asia during the second half of the 1st millennium BCE after the high intensities that characterized the Levantine Iron Age Anomaly. Since previous archeointensities available for this period and region were obtained without accomplishing modern standards of quality, we present here new archeointensities that are derived from classical Thellier and Thellier experiments, including partial thermoremanent magnetization (pTRM) checks, thermoremanent magnetization (TRM) anisotropy and cooling rate corrections at the specimen level. The new 51 archeointensities, together with previous archeointensities, have been used to present a new local paleosecular variation curve for Central Asia. The results confirm the existence of an important geomagnetic field intensity decrease in South Uzbekistan from the 4th century BCE to the end of the 1st century BCE associated with rates of changes up to -15 mu T/century. A critical analysis of the archeointensity global database indicates that this feature was present at continental scale, from Western Europe to Central Asia. However, this trend is not identified in other regions such as Japan or Mexico. Finally, the comparison with the dipole moment derived from recent global geomagnetic field reconstructions suggests a strong influence of non-dipolar sources upon this continental intensity feature.


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© 2021. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Financial support was given by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation thorough the projects CERAC (HAR2016-75133-C3-1-P), CONCERAC (HAR2016-75133-C3-3-P), SPYKE (CGL2017-87015-P), SuMATE (PID2020-113316GB-I00) and PULSES 5.K (PID2020-117105RB-I00). R. Bonilla-Alba thanks the FPI fellowship (PRE2018-085949) associated with the SPYKE project. This study has been also funded by the Ramón y Cajal program (contracts of M. Gomez-Paccard and V. Martinez-Ferreras, refs. RYC-2013-14405 and RYC-2014-15789). The authors wish to acknowledge the professional support of the CSIC Interdisciplinary Thematic Platform Open Heritage: Research and Society (PTI-PAIS). E. Beamud thanks the Geomodels Research Institute (UB) and the Grup de Geodinamica i Analisi de Conques-2017SGR596 (Generalitat de Catalunya). A. Palencia-Ortas thanks the PTA contract of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation. Special thanks to S. Pidaev from the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan for its great help during the sampling campaign in Uzbekistan. The authors also thank our colleagues from the paleomagnetism group of Madrid, especially S. A. Campuzano and E. Delso, and the great archeological team that helped us during the archeomagnetic field campaigns in Uzbekistan. Additional information upon request to or . The Editor, Mark Dekkers and reviewers, Lisa Tauxe and Evdokia Tema are sincerely acknowledged for their constructive comments on our manuscript.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Geomagnetic-field intensity; Archaeomagnetic data; Acquisition curves; Secular variation; Ancient termez; Western-Europe; Tepe termez; Magnetization; Kushan; Paleointensities
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Geophysics
ID Code:72692
Deposited On:07 Jun 2022 08:34
Last Modified:13 Jun 2022 10:54

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