Hα and He I absorption in HAT-P-32 b observed with CARMENES Detection of Roche lobe overflow and mass loss



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Montes Gutiérrez, David and otros, ... (2021) Hα and He I absorption in HAT-P-32 b observed with CARMENES Detection of Roche lobe overflow and mass loss. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 657 . ISSN 0004-6361

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202039919


We analyze two high-resolution spectral transit time series of the hot Jupiter HAT-P-32 b obtained with the CARMENES spectrograph. Our new XMM-Newton X-ray observations of the system show that the fast-rotating F-type host star exhibits a high X-ray luminosity of 2.3 x 10(29) erg s(-1) (5-100 A), corresponding to a flux of 6.9 x 10(4) erg cm(-2) s(-1) at the planetary orbit, which results in an energy-limited escape estimate of about 10(13) g s(-1) for the planetary mass-loss rate. The spectral time series show significant, time-dependent absorption in the H alpha and He I lambda 10833 triplet lines with maximum depths of about 3.3% and 5.3%. The mid-transit absorption signals in the H alpha and He I lambda 10833 lines are consistent with results from one-dimensional hydrodynamic modeling, which also yields mass-loss rates on the order of 10(13) g s(-1). We observe an early ingress of a redshifted component of the transmission signal, which extends into a redshifted absorption component, persisting until about the middle of the optical transit. While a super-rotating wind can explain redshifted ingress absorption, we find that an up-orbit stream, transporting planetary mass in the direction of the star, also provides a plausible explanation for the pre-transit signal. This makes HAT-P-32 a benchmark system for exploring atmospheric dynamics via transmission spectroscopy.

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©ESO 2021. Artículo firmado por 25 autores. We thank Norbert Schartel for providing XMM-Newton DDT time. We thank M. Salz, F. Bauer, and F. J. Alonso-Floriano for highly valuable contributions to this paper. CARMENES is an instrument for the Centro Astronomico Hispano-Aleman (CAHA) at Calar Alto (Almeria, Spain), operated jointly by the Junta de Andalucía and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC). CARMENES was funded by the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft (MPG), the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO) and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) through projects FICTS-2011-02, ICTS-2017-07-CAHA-4, and CAHA16-CE-3978, and the members of the CARMENES Consortium (Max-Planck-Institut fur Astronomie, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, Landessternwarte Konigstuhl, Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai, Institut fur Astrophysik Gottingen, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Thuringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Hamburger Sternwarte, Centro de Astrobiología and Centro Astronómico Hispano-Alemán), with additional contributions by the MINECO, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft through the Major Research Instrumentation Programme and Research Unit FOR2544 "Blue Planets around Red Stars", the Klaus Tschira Stiftung, the states of BadenWurttemberg and Niedersachsen, and by the Junta de Andalucía. Based on data from the CARMENES data archive at CAB (CSIC-INTA). We acknowledge financial support from the Agencia Estatal de Investigación of the Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades and the ERDF through projects PID2019-109522GB-C5[1:4]/AEI/10.13039/501100011033 PGC2018-098153-B-C33 and the Centre of Excellence "Severo Ochoa" and "María de Maeztu" awards to the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (SEV-2015-0548), Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (SEV-2017-0709), and Centro de Astrobiología (MDM-2017-0737), the Generalitat de Catalunya/CERCA programme. D. Yan acknowledges support by the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Grant No. XDB 41000000 and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11973082). SC and EN acknowledge DFG support under grants CZ 222/3-1 and CZ 222/5-1. This research has made use of the Exoplanet Orbit Database and the Exoplanet Data Explorer at exoplanets.org. This work has made use of data from the European Space Agency (ESA) mission Gaia (https://www.cosmos.esa.int/gaia), processed by the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC, https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/gaia/dpac/consortium).Funding for the DPAC has been provided by national institutions, in particular the institutions participating in the Gaia Multilateral Agreement.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Extended helium atmosphere; Photon imaging camera; To-limb variation; X-ray-emission; Transmission spectrum; Xmm-newton; Metastable helium; Fraunhofer lines; Warm Neptune; Bow shock
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
ID Code:72723
Deposited On:09 Jun 2022 11:19
Last Modified:14 Jun 2022 07:24

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