Expected Recurrence of Extreme Winds in Northwestern Sahara and Associated Uncertainties



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García Bustamante, Elena and González Rouco, J. Fidel and Navarro, Jorge and Lucio Eceiza, Etor E. and Rojas Labanda, Cristina (2021) Expected Recurrence of Extreme Winds in Northwestern Sahara and Associated Uncertainties. Energies, 14 (21). ISSN 1996-1073

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en14216913


Estimating the probability of the occurrence of hazardous winds is crucial for their impact in human activities; however, this is inherently affected by the shortage of observations. This becomes critical in poorly sampled regions, such as the northwestern Sahara, where this work is focused. The selection of any single methodological variant contributes with additional uncertainty. To gain robustness in the estimates, we expand the uncertainty space by applying a large body of methodologies. The methodological uncertainty is constrained afterward by keeping only the reliable experiments. In doing so, we considerably narrow the uncertainty associated with the wind return levels. The analysis suggest that not necessarily all methodologies are equally robust. The highest 10-min speed (wind gust) for a return period of 50 years is about 45 ms-1 (56 ms-1). The intensity of the expected extreme winds is closely related to orography. The study is based on wind and wind gust observations that were collected and quality controlled for the specific purposes herein. We also make use of a 12-year high-resolution regional simulation to provide simulation-based wind return level maps that endorse the observation-based results. Such an exhaustive methodological sensitivity analysis with a long high-resolution simulation over this region was lacking in the literature.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

Global Forecasters S.L. provided part of the funding for this research. Additionally, the study was partly funded by the project "GReatModelS-Global and Regional Impacts of using more realistic Land Modelling on Historical and Climate Change scenario Simulations (refs. RTI2018102305-A-C22 and RTI2018-102305-B-C21)" funded by the Spanish Government (Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades).

Uncontrolled Keywords:Dust mobilization; Climate models; Circulation; Simulation; Moments; Events; Speeds; Storms
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
ID Code:72773
Deposited On:09 Jun 2022 11:34
Last Modified:14 Jun 2022 07:48

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