¡Nos trasladamos! E-Prints cerrará el 7 de junio.

En las próximas semanas vamos a migrar nuestro repositorio a una nueva plataforma con muchas funcionalidades nuevas. En esta migración las fechas clave del proceso son las siguientes:

Es muy importante que cualquier depósito se realice en E-Prints Complutense antes del 7 de junio. En caso de urgencia para realizar un depósito, se puede comunicar a docta@ucm.es.

>42 ka human teeth from El Castillo Cave (Cantabria, Spain) Mid‑Upper Paleolithic transition



Downloads per month over past year

Garralda Benajes, María Dolores and Maíllo Fernández, José Manuel and Maureille, Bruno and Neira, Ana and Bernaldo de Quirós, Federico (2022) >42 ka human teeth from El Castillo Cave (Cantabria, Spain) Mid‑Upper Paleolithic transition. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 14 (26). pp. 1-19. ISSN 1866-9557, ESSN: 1866-9565

[thumbnail of Garralda. M. D. et al. 2022. 42 ka human teeth from El Castillo Cave (Cantabria, Spain)....pdf]
Creative Commons Attribution.


Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-022-01587-2


Three deciduous tooth crowns were found in Unit 18B in El Castillo Cave (Spain), considered a transitional Middle-Upper Paleolithic Unit with numerous 14C dates with means earlier than>42–44 ka cal. BP. Our goal was to describe these teeth, compare them to Neanderthal, Mousterian Modern Humans, and Early-Mid Upper Paleolithic fossils (through scatterplots and Z-scores), and analyze their morphology. The teeth consist of deciduous and isolated crowns (one ULdi1 , one ULdm2 , and one LRdm2) corresponding to three children, and all of them were modifed by heavy occlusal and interproximal wear. Their length and breadth diameters, shown in the bivariate scatterplots, were similar to those of the teeth of several young Neanderthals. The Z-scores of the two crown diameters with respect to the Late Neanderthal, Qafzeh and Skhul, and Aurignacian-Gravettian series had values of approximately 0, while those of the altered MDs of the ULdm2 are just below−1, except in comparison to the last group; the Z-scores of the BL diameters fall within the range of variability of the three series. Qualitative morphological comparisons highlighted several characteristics that were consistent with a Neanderthal taxonomic assignment. The combined archeological and anatomical-comparative study suggested the presence of three Neanderthal children in Unit 18, in a location considered a primary butchery area. The chronology and morphology of these teeth in the framework of the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition are outstanding in the debate about the last Neanderthals and the unconfrmed, but possible, presence of a few groups of modern humans in Western Europe.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

CRUE-CSIC (Acuerdos transformativos 2022)

Uncontrolled Keywords:Middle-Upper Paleolithic; MIS 3; Deciduous teeth; Morphology; Neanderthal
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Biological anthropology
ID Code:72883
Deposited On:14 Jun 2022 11:21
Last Modified:15 Jun 2022 07:15

Origin of downloads

Repository Staff Only: item control page