Temperature effect and alloying elements impact on the corrosion behaviour of the alloys exposed to molten carbonate environments for CSP application



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Miguel Gamo, María Teresa de and Lasanta Carrasco, María Isabel and García Martin, Gustavo and Díaz, Ricardo and Pérez Trujillo, Francisco Javier (2022) Temperature effect and alloying elements impact on the corrosion behaviour of the alloys exposed to molten carbonate environments for CSP application. Corrosion Science, 201 . p. 110274. ISSN 0010-938X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2022.110274


This investigation assesses the effect of the alloy composition and temperature in the corrosivity of the ternary carbonate eutectic, 32% Li2CO3, 33% Na2CO3, 35% K2CO3. To this end, an iron-based alloy, coded as 51Fe-24Cr-20Ni, and a nickel-based alloy, coded as 5Fe–23Cr-58Ni-8Mo, were exposed to the carbonate mixture for 500 h at 700 ºC, 750 ºC and 800 ºC under static atmospheric air. The results revealed that corrosion extension does not have a linear dependence on temperature. There are changes in the corrosion mechanism that depend on the temperature, but, in turn, they are directly influenced by the alloying elements of the material. The performance of the nickel-based substrate proved to be catastrophic at all the studied temperatures. The order from worst to best was 700 ºC > 750 ºC > 800 ºC. The presence of a high molybdenum concentration in the carbonate mixture in contact with this nickel-based alloy suggested that this element dissolution contributes to increasing the corrosivity of the mixture. By contrast, the iron-based alloy showed improved corrosion resistance, with an estimated corrosion rate in the order of hundreds of microns at the three temperatures. The best performance of the 51Fe-24Cr-20Ni alloy was achieved at 700 ºC, followed by that at 800 ºC, while the highest degradation was registered at 750 ºC. This investigation reinforced the idea of the complexity of the corrosion processes in molten carbonate. The equilibrium of corrosive species is very sensitive to an important number of parameters, meaning that modifications in the system conditions have a great impact on corrosivity. Hence, it is critical not to make assumptions when considering potential materials for carbonate containment in CSP technology.

Item Type:Article
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CRUE-CSIC (Acuerdos Transformativos 2022)

Uncontrolled Keywords:Concentrated solar power, Corrosion, Ternary carbonate eutectic, Temperature effect, Alloying elements effect
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Chemical engineering
ID Code:72920
Deposited On:17 Jun 2022 08:55
Last Modified:27 Jun 2022 08:43

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