Bee Trypanosomatids: First Steps in the Analysis of the Genetic Variation and Population Structure of Lotmaria passim, Crithidia bombi and Crithidia mellificae

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Bartolomé, Carolina and Buendía Abad, María and Ornosa Gallego, Concepción and Rúa, Pilar De la and Martín Hernández, Raquel and Higes, Mariano and Maside, Xulio (2021) Bee Trypanosomatids: First Steps in the Analysis of the Genetic Variation and Population Structure of Lotmaria passim, Crithidia bombi and Crithidia mellificae. Microbial Ecology, 2021 . pp. 1-12. ISSN 0095-3628

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-021-01882-w



Abstract

Trypanosomatids are among the most prevalent parasites in bees but, despite the fact that their impact on the colonies can be quite important and that their infectivity may potentially depend on their genotypes, little is known about the population diversity of these pathogens. Here we cloned and sequenced three non-repetitive single copy loci (DNA topoisomerase II, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and RNA polymerase II large subunit, RPB1) to produce new genetic data from Crithidia bombi, C. mellificae and Lotmaria passim isolated from honeybees and bumblebees. These were analysed by applying population genetic tools in order to quantify and compare their variability within and between species, and to obtain information on their demography and population structure. The general pattern for the three species was that (1) they were subject to the action of purifying selection on nonsynonymous variants, (2) the levels of within species diversity were similar irrespective of the host, (3) there was evidence of recombination among haplotypes and (4) they showed no haplotype structuring according to the host. C. bombi exhibited the lowest levels of synonymous variation (πS= 0.06 ± 0.04 %) — and a mutation frequency distribution compatible with a population expansion after a bottleneck — that contrasted with the extensive polymorphism displayed by C. mellificae (πS= 2.24 ± 1.00 %), which likely has a more ancient origin. L. passim showed intermediate values (πS= 0.40 ± 0.28 %) and an excess of variants a low frequencies probably linked to the spread of this species to new geographical areas.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Population genetics; Genetic diversity; Population structure; Lotmaria passim; Crithidia mellificae; Crithidia bombi
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Parasitology
Medical sciences > Biology > Genetics
ID Code:73002
Deposited On:20 Jun 2022 14:38
Last Modified:26 Aug 2022 11:41

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