Impact of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus on the Incidence and Outcomes of COVID-19 Needing Hospital Admission According to Sex: Retrospective Cohort Study Using Hospital Discharge Data in Spain, Year 2020

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Miguel Yanes, Jose M. de and Jiménez García, Rodrigo and Miguel Díez, Javier de and Hernández Barrera, Valentín and Carabantes Alarcón, David and Zamorano León, José J. and Omaña Palanco, Ricardo and López de Andrés, Ana (2022) Impact of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus on the Incidence and Outcomes of COVID-19 Needing Hospital Admission According to Sex: Retrospective Cohort Study Using Hospital Discharge Data in Spain, Year 2020. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 11 (9). p. 2654. ISSN 2077-0383

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11092654




Abstract

(1) Background: To analyze incidence and in-hospital mortality (IHM) of COVID-19 needing hospital admission in Spain (2020) in patients with T2DM. (2) Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study. Using the Spanish Register of Specialized Care-Basic Minimum Database we estimated age-adjusted incidence rates (IR). (3) Results: We included 203,488 patients (56.77% men), of whom 45,620 (22.41%) had T2DM. Age-adjusted IRs/1000 for men with and without T2DM was 12.90 and 5.87, respectively (IRR 2.20; 95% CI 2.18–2.22; p < 0.001), and for women with and without T2DM was 9.23 and 4.27, respectively (IRR 2.16; 95% CI 2.13–2.19; p < 0.001). Crude IHM was 23.86% in people with T2DM, and 15.94% in non-T2DM people (p < 0.001). After matching, intensive-care admission (7.37% vs. 6.15%; p < 0.001) and IHM (23.37% vs. 20.41%; p < 0.001) remained higher in women with T2DM. After matching, IHM among T2DM men was 1.5% higher than among non-T2DM men (24.27% vs. 22.72%; p < 0.001). Men with T2DM had a 34% higher IHM than women with T2DM. Prevalent T2DM increased IHM among women (1.09; 95% 1.03–1.16) and men (1.05; 95% 1.01–1.10). (4) Conclusions: Incidence rates of COVID-19 needing hospital admission were higher in men vs. women, and for people with T2DM vs. non-T2DM. Men had higher IHM beside T2DM status. Prevalent T2DM was associated with higher IHM for both sexes.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:COVID-19; type 2 diabetes mellitus; hospitalization; incidence; mortality
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Endocrinology
Medical sciences > Medicine > Immunology
Medical sciences > Medicine > Pneumology
ID Code:73352
Deposited On:11 Jul 2022 14:05
Last Modified:02 Aug 2022 08:23

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