Exercise Training and Interventions for Coronary Artery Disease

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Fernández Rubio, Hugo and Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo, Ricardo and Rodríguez Sanz, David and Calvo Lobo, César and Vicente Campos, Davinia and López Chicharro, José Luis (2022) Exercise Training and Interventions for Coronary Artery Disease. Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease, 9 (5). p. 131. ISSN 2308-3425

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcdd9050131




Abstract

Coronary artery disease (CAD) may be considered a main cause of mortality and the prevalence of CAD is increasing nowadays, leading to high health costs in many countries. Despite the fact of the regression of the atherosclerotic plaque, the decrease in blood viscosity and the growth of collateral vessels have been proposed as improvements that CAD patients may obtain under exercise performance. Thus, the present narrative review aimed to carry out a brief specific analysis of the results achieved when performing endurance, strength or inspiratory muscle training. Exercise attenuates certain pathophysiological processes of this disease, such as endothelial dysfunction or the vulnerability of atherosclerotic plaques, and produces improvements in functional capacity and muscle strength, among others. Within the different exercise modalities, the most important parameter to be considered seems to be the total caloric expenditure, and not so much the modality itself. As such, in cardiac rehabilitation, when prescribing exercise, we should possibly focus on the modality that obtains more adherence in patients. To conclude, it must be highlighted that total caloric expenditure is not being taken into account when comparing interventions and this relevant information should be considered in future studies.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:coronary artery disease; resistance training; respiratory muscle training; aerobic training; exercise
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Cardiology
ID Code:73363
Deposited On:08 Jul 2022 15:16
Last Modified:01 Aug 2022 11:47

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