Inter-laboratory validation of an ISO test method for measuring enzyme activities in soil samples using colorimetric substrates

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Cheviron, Nathalie and Grondin, Virginie and Marrauld, Christelle and Poiroux, Françoise and Bertrand, Isabelle and Abadie, Josiane and Pandard, Pascal and Riah-Anglet, Wassila and Dubois, Caroline and Malý, Stanislav and Marques, Catarina R. and Valverde Asenjo, Inmaculada and Alonso Conde, Alejandro and Marquina Díaz, Domingo and Mougin, Christian (2021) Inter-laboratory validation of an ISO test method for measuring enzyme activities in soil samples using colorimetric substrates. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 29 . pp. 29348-29357. ISSN 0944-1344 (Print) 1614-7499 (Online)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-17173-3



Abstract

The evaluation of soil quality requires the use of robust methods to assess biologically based indicators. Among them, enzyme activities are used for several decades, but there is a clear need to update their measurement methods for routine use, in combining feasibility, accuracy, and reliability. To this end, the platform Biochem-Env optimized a miniaturized method to measure enzyme activities in soils using colorimetric substrates in micro-well plates. The standardization of the method was carried out within the framework of ISO/TC 190/SC 4/WG 4 “Soil quality – Biological methods” workgroup, recommending an inter-laboratory evaluation for the publication of a full ISO standard. That evaluation, managed by the platform, was based on the measurement, in six soils of contrasted physicochemical properties, of the ten soil enzyme activities described in the standard. Eight laboratories were involved in the validation study. Only 2.7% of outliers were identified from the analyses of the whole dataset. The repeatability and reproducibility of the method were determined by computing, respectively, the intra-laboratory (CVr,) and inter-laboratory (CVR) coefficients of variation for each soil and enzyme. The mean CVr ranged from 4.5% (unbuffered phosphatase) to 9.9% (α-glucosidase), illustrating a reduced variability of enzyme activities within laboratories. The mean CVR ranged from 13.8% (alkaline phosphatase) to 30.9% (unbuffered phosphatase). Despite this large CVR noticed for unbuffered phosphatase, the method was repeatable, reproducible, and sensitive. It also proved to be applicable for measuring enzyme activities in different types of soils. These results have been found successful by ISO/TC 190/SC4 and resulted in the publication of ISO 20130:2018 standard.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Soil enzyme activities; Soil functions; Standardization; Inter-laboratory trial; Microplate test; Soil quality
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Microbiology
ID Code:73414
Deposited On:04 Jul 2022 14:22
Last Modified:05 Jul 2022 08:22

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