Atherogenic risk, anthropometry, diet and physical activity in a sample of spanish commercial airline pilots

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Alaminos Torres, Ana María and Martínez-Álvarez, Jesús Román and López Ejeda, Noemí and Marrodán Serrano, Dolores (2022) Atherogenic risk, anthropometry, diet and physical activity in a sample of spanish commercial airline pilots. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (7). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1661-7827, 1660-4601

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19074128




Abstract

Cardiovascular accidents are the most disabling event for pilots, causing complicated situations during flight and the withdrawal of license. The study aims to assess the modifiable risk factors and the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) associated with anthropometric, physiometabolic and lifestyle profiles in a sample of Spanish aviation pilots. Data from pilots’ clinical and professional history, anthropometric and bioelectrical impedance assessments of nutritional status, and diet and physical activity questionnaires. The sample comprised 304 men pilots. Up to 53.6% showed excess weight, of which 6.4% were obese, 64.3% presented high relative adiposity and 64.6% showed abdominal obesity. Regarding the physiometabolic profile, 10.0% had hypertension, 42.6% hypercholesterolemia, 9.4% high LDL and 10.6% low HDL, 9.4% hyperglycemia and 8.1% hypertriglyceridemia. The adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) was high in 29.7% and low in 14.7%. Most of the sample showed a good physical activity level. The AIP risk increased with higher obesity indicators and LDL cholesterol levels. There was an inverse relationship between the MedDiet adherence and vigorous physical activity and the risk of atherogenicity. Elevated rates of overweight, abdominal obesity and hypercholesterolemia were found, contributing to the atherogenic risk of plasma (AIP). This parameter was significantly associated with all anthropometric indicators and LDL cholesterol. Prevention plans on reducing excess fat and blood cholesterol levels are recommended to reduce cardiovascular risk in Spanish aviation pilots and ensure flight safety.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Abdominal obesity; Atherogenic index of plasma; Aviation pilots; Body mass index; Cardiovascular disease
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Cardiology
Medical sciences > Biology > Biological anthropology
ID Code:74249
Deposited On:31 Aug 2022 10:17
Last Modified:01 Sep 2022 08:10

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