Biofilms as active sheets and filaments



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Carpio, Ana and Cebrián, Elena and Gonzalez Albaladejo, Rafael (2022) Biofilms as active sheets and filaments. In 2nd International Conference on Computations for Science and Engineering, Aug 30-Sept 2, 2022, Rimini (Italy).

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Bacterial biofilms often spread forming sheets on surfaces and filaments in fluids. Such sheets and filaments undergo instabilities, like wrinkles and loops, frequently observed in elastic plates and threads. By modeling biofilms as active plates or threads, we are able to reproduce experimentally observed patterns. Biofilm deformation and spread can be described by nonlinear elastic or poroelastic models involving nonlocal terms representing cell activity and the interaction with the environment. Such terms are obtained averaging information provided by agent based models of bacterial behavior. We consider cellular automata and immersed boundary approaches to individual cell dynamics. Numerical simulations show that the models capture observed qualitative features such as accelerated spread and wrinkle formation in sheets or loops in filaments.

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Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Biomathematics
ID Code:74373
Deposited On:07 Sep 2022 11:22
Last Modified:07 Sep 2022 13:50

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