Zooarchaeology of the Iron Age in Western Iberia: new insights from the Celtic oppidum of Ulaca



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Estaca Gómez, Verónica and Rodríguez Hernández, Jesús and Gómez Hernández, Raúl and Yravedra Sainz de los Terreros, José and Ruiz Zapatero, Gonzalo and Álvarez Sanchís, Jesús Rafael (2022) Zooarchaeology of the Iron Age in Western Iberia: new insights from the Celtic oppidum of Ulaca. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 14 (9). ISSN 1866-9557, ESSN: 1866-9565

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-022-01627-x


The Vettones were one of the most important Celtic peoples of the Late Iron Age in Western Iberia (between the Duero and Tagus Rivers). It is a period recognised from the spread of the cremation ritual in the cemeteries, the development of iron metallurgy, and the emergence of large fortified settlements—the characteristic oppida—that would finally be abandoned with the conquest of Hispania by Rome. Different types of evidence suggest that the Vetton economy was based on livestock. Palaeobotanical and carpological analyses reveal a major deforestation of the landscape, the conversion of large areas into pastures and cultivated fields, and the use of enclosures as cattle pens. The stone sculptures of bulls and pigs found throughout the mountainous areas of the region—the famous verracos—also reflect the value the Vettones placed on livestock. However, there have been very few studies devoted to the identification of faunal remains. In this text, we offer previously unpublished data on the animals found in the oppidum of Ulaca (Solosancho, Ávila, Spain), one of the largest in Celtic Iberia (third–first centuries BC), which we relate to other evidence from neighbouring sites. Thus, the state of the research into Vetton zooarchaeology is offered in the broader context of the Iberian Peninsula.

Item Type:Article
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CRUE-CSIC (Acuerdos Transformativos 2022)

Uncontrolled Keywords:Zooarqueología, Edad del Hierro, Península Ibérica
Subjects:Humanities > History > Archaeology
ID Code:74730
Deposited On:27 Sep 2022 11:12
Last Modified:28 Sep 2022 07:31

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