The combinatorics of plane curve singularities: how Newton polygons blossom into lotuses



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García Barroso, Evelia R. and González Pérez, Pedro Daniel and Popescu-Pampu, P (2020) The combinatorics of plane curve singularities: how Newton polygons blossom into lotuses. In Handbook of Geometry and Topology of Singularities. Springer. ISBN 978-3-030-53060-0

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This survey may be seen as an introduction to the use of toric and tropical geometry in the analysis of plane curve singularities, which are germs (C,o) of complex analytic curves contained in a smooth complex analytic surface S. The embedded topological type of such a pair (S,C) is usually defined to be that of the oriented link obtained by intersecting C with a sufficiently small oriented Euclidean sphere centered at the point o, defined once a system of local coordinates (x,y) was chosen on the germ (S,o). If one works more generally over an arbitrary algebraically closed field of characteristic zero, one speaks instead of the combinatorial type of (S,C). One may define it by looking either at the Newton-Puiseux series associated to C relative to a generic local coordinate system (x,y), or at the set of infinitely near points which have to be blown up in order to get the minimal embedded resolution of the germ (C,o) or, thirdly, at the preimage of this germ by the resolution. Each point of view leads to a different encoding of the combinatorial type by a decorated tree: an Eggers-Wall tree, an Enriques diagram, or a weighted dual graph. The three trees contain the same information, which in the complex setting is equivalent to the knowledge of the embedded topological type. There are known algorithms for transforming one tree into another. In this paper we explain how a special type of two-dimensional simplicial complex called a lotus allows to think geometrically about the relations between the three types of trees. Namely, all of them embed in a natural lotus, their numerical decorations appearing as invariants of it. This lotus is constructed from the finite set of Newton polygons created during any process of resolution of (C,o) by successive toric modifications

Item Type:Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords:Singularity theory; Topology of singularities; Equisingularity; Lipschitz Geometry; Milnor fibration
Subjects:Sciences > Mathematics > Algebraic geometry
ID Code:74818
Deposited On:29 Sep 2022 08:14
Last Modified:29 Sep 2022 11:32

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