Usefulness of implementing the OHIP-14 questionnaire to assess the impact of xerostomia and hyposalivation on qualityof life in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome

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Serrano Valle, Julia and López-Pintor Muñoz, Rosa María and Fernández Castro, Mónica and Ramírez Martínez-Acitores, Lucía and Sanz Alonso, Mariano and López, Javier and Blázquez, María Angeles and González, Jorge Juan and Hernández Vallejo, Gonzalo (2022) Usefulness of implementing the OHIP-14 questionnaire to assess the impact of xerostomia and hyposalivation on qualityof life in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome. Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine . ISSN 1600-0714

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/jop.13348



Abstract

Background: The aim of this study is to analyze if the results of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 questionnaire (OHIP-14) in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) are correlated with salivary flow and level of xerostomia.
Methods: This observational cross-sectional study was conducted in 61 patients (60 women, one man, mean age 57.64 [13.52]) diagnosed of pSS according to the American-European Criteria (2002). After recording demographic, medical and dental data (decayed-missing-filled teeth index [DMFT]), unstimulated (UWS) and stimulated (SWS) salivary flows were collected. Subsequently, UWS flow was categorized into two groups (0.7 ml/min). Patients also filled out a visual analog scale (VAS) for xerostomia and OHIP-14 for self-reported quality of life (QoL).
Results: Data showed positive and significant correlation between OHIP-14 and xerostomia, based on VAS results (r = 0.52; p = 0.001). Furthermore, there was a negative correlation between UWS and OHIP-14 scores (r = -0.34; p = 0.006) and VAS for xerostomia (r = -0.22; p = 0.09). No significant correlation was found between SWS and OHIP-14 or VAS neither between DMFT and OHIP-14. When assessing the level of QoL by the UWS and SWS flow categories a significant association was found for UWS (p = 0.001) but not for SWS (p = 0.11). The OHIP-14 values were higher in the groups with lower salivary flow. The multiple linear regression to predict OHIP-14 only selected VAS for xerostomia as a statistically significant predictor.
Conclusions: Increased level of xerostomia and reduced UWS flow decrease oral health-related QoL in patients with pSS.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

CRUE-CSIC (Acuerdos Transformativos 2022)

Uncontrolled Keywords:hyposalivation, OHIP-14, oral health quality of life, Sjögren's syndrome, xerostomia
Subjects:Medical sciences > Dentistry
ID Code:74892
Deposited On:03 Oct 2022 08:46
Last Modified:03 Oct 2022 08:46

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