The Gaia-ESO survey: Age-chemical-clock relations spatially resolved in the Galactic disc



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Montes Gutiérrez, David and otros, ... (2022) The Gaia-ESO survey: Age-chemical-clock relations spatially resolved in the Galactic disc. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 660 . ISSN 0004-6361

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Context. The last decade has seen a revolution in our knowledge of the Galaxy thanks to the Gaia and asteroseismic space missions and the ground-based spectroscopic surveys. Aims. To complete this picture, it is necessary to map the ages of its stellar populations. During recent years, the dependence on time of abundance ratios involving slow (s) neutron-capture and ff elements (called chemical-clocks) has been used to provide estimates of stellar ages, usually in a limited volume close to the Sun. We aim to analyse the relations of chemical clocks in the Galactic disc extending the range to R-GC similar to 6-20 kpc. Methods. Using the sixth internal data release of the Gaia-ESO survey, we calibrated several relations between stellar ages and abundance ratios [s/alpha] using a sample of open clusters, the largest one so far used with this aim (62 clusters). Thanks to their wide galactocentric coverage, we investigated the radial variations of the shape of these relations, confirming their non-universality. Results. The multi-variate relations allowed us to infer stellar ages for field stars. We estimated our accuracy (ranging from 0.0 to -0.9 Gyr) and precision (from 0.4 to 2.3 Gyr) in recovering the global ages of open clusters, and the ages of their individual members. We applied the relations with the highest correlation coe fficients to the field star population, finding an older population at lower metallicity and higher [alpha/Fe] in the thin disc, and a younger one at higher [Fe/H] and low [alpha/Fe], as expected. Conclusion. We confirm that there is no single age-chemical clock relationship valid for the whole disc, but that there is a dependence on the galactocentric position, which is related to the radial variation of the star formation history combined with the non-monotonic dependence on metallicity of the yields of the s-process elements from low- and intermediate-mass stars. Finally, the abundance ratios [Ba/alpha] are more sensitive to age than those with [Y/alpha] for young disc stars, and their slopes vary less with galactocentric distance. We remind the reader that the application of such relationships to field stars is only of statistical value.

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© ESO 2022. Artículo firmado por 36 autores. We thank an anonymous referee for her/his careful reading and valuable comments to the first version of the manuscript. Based on data products from observations made with ESO Telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programme ID 188.B-3002. These data products have been processed by the Cambridge Astronomy Survey Unit (CASU) at the Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, and by the FLAMES/UVES reduction team at INAF/Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri. These data have been obtained from the Gaia-ESO Survey Data Archive, prepared and hosted by the Wide Field Astronomy Unit, Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, which is funded by the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council. This work was partly supported by the European Union FP7 programme through ERC grant number 320360 and by the Leverhulme Trust through grant RPG-2012541. We acknowledge the support from INAF and Ministero dell' Istruzione, dell' Universita' e della Ricerca (MIUR) in the form of the grant "Premiale VLT 2012" and "Premiale 2016 MITiC". The results presented here benefit from discussions held during the Gaia-ESO workshops and conferences supported by the ESF (European Science Foundation) through the GREAT Research Network Programme. This work has made use of data from the European Space Agency (ESA) mission Gaia (, processed by the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC, for the DPAC has been provided by national institutions, in particular the institutions participating in the Gaia Multilateral Agreement. C.V.V. and L.M. thank the COST Action CA18104: MW-Gaia. T.B. was funded by grant No. 2018-04857 from The Swedish Research Council. F.J.E. acknowledges financial support by the spanish grant PGC2018-101950-B-I00 and MDM-2017-0737 at Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA), Unidad de Excelencia María de Maeztu, and from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement no. 824064 through the ESCAPE -The European Science Cluster of Astronomy and Particle Physics ESFRI Research Infrastructures project. C.V.V. is especially grateful to Andres Moya Bedon (University of Valencia) for his support and help. G.C. acknowledges support from the European Research Council Consolidator Grant funding scheme (project ASTEROCHRONOMETRY, G.A. n. 772293,

Uncontrolled Keywords:Neutron-capture elements; Cluster ngc 6791; Radial migration; Galah survey; Solar twins; Evolution; Abundance; Stars; Barium; Old
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
ID Code:75008
Deposited On:11 Oct 2022 11:53
Last Modified:13 Oct 2022 07:45

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