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Climate warming amplified the 2020 record-breaking heatwave in the Antarctic Peninsula

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González Herrero, Sergi and Barriopedro Cepero, David and Trigo, Ricardo M. and Albert López-Bustins, Joan and Oliva, Marc (2022) Climate warming amplified the 2020 record-breaking heatwave in the Antarctic Peninsula. Communications Earth & Environment, 3 (1). ISSN 2662-4435

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s43247-022-00450-5




Abstract

February 2020 was anomalously warm in the Antarctic Peninsula region and registered one of the most intense heatwaves ever recorded in Western Antarctica. The event featured unprecedented regional mean temperature anomalies (+4.5 degrees C) over the Antarctic Peninsula between 6 and 11 February 2020 and the highest local temperature of the continental Antarctic region. Taking flow analogs of the event from past (1950-1984) and recent (1985-2019) periods of the ERA5 reanalysis, here we quantify the role of recent climate change in the magnitude of this 6-day regional heatwave. Results show that 2020-like heatwaves over the Antarctic Peninsula are now at least similar to 0.4 degrees C warmer than in the past period, which represents a similar to 25% increase in magnitude. Given the observed atmospheric circulation conditions, the probability of experiencing 6-day regional mean anomalies above similar to 2 degrees C has increased ten times since 1950-1984. The aggravated severity of the event can be largely ascribed to long-term summer warming of the Antarctic Peninsula rather than recent atmospheric circulation trends.


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We thank David Bromwich for his useful comments and discussions on this research. We want to acknowledge the contribution of the two anonymous reviewers, which provided constructive comments that helped to substantially improve the final form of this manuscript. The AEMET Antarctic program is supported by the Ministerio para la Transición Ecológica y Reto Demográfico and Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación of the Spanish Goverment. Research activities of S.G. and M.O. are partly funded by ANTALP Research Group, Generalitat de Catalunya. S.G. is supported by the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación project - PID2020-116520RB-I00 (MICROAIRPOLAR2) and RTI2018-098693-B-C32 (WISE-PreP). M.O. is supported by the Ramón y Cajal Program (RYC-2015-17597) and the NUNANTAR (PTDC/CTA-GFI/32002/2017) from the Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia of Portugal. D.B. acknowledges support from the H2020 EU project CLINT (Grant Agreement No. 101003876). R.M.T. was supported of the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology through the FCT - project JPIOCEANS/0001/2019 (ROADMAP). This research is part of the CSIC Interdisciplinary Thematic Platform (PTI) Clima y Servicios Climaticos (PTI-CLIMA) and POLARCSIC (PTI-POLAR) activities.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Ice shelf; Surface melt; Temperature; Circulation; Summer; Enso; Sam; Attribution
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
ID Code:75192
Deposited On:21 Oct 2022 07:24
Last Modified:21 Oct 2022 11:10

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