Multiclass spatial predictions of borehole yield in southern Mali by means of machine learning classifiers



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Gómez Escalonilla, Víctor and Diancoumba, Oumou and Traoré, D.Y. and Montero González, Esperanza and Martín Loeches, Miguel Martín and Martínez Santos, Pedro (2022) Multiclass spatial predictions of borehole yield in southern Mali by means of machine learning classifiers. Journal of Hydrology. Regional studies, 44 (101245). pp. 1-21. ISSN 22145818

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Study region: Regions of Bamako, Kati and Kangaba, southwestern Mali Study focus: Machine learning-based mapping of borehole yield. Three algorithms were trained on an imbalanced multiclass database of boreholes, while twenty variables were used as predictors for borehole yield. All models returned balanced and geometric scores in the order of 0.80, with area under the receiver operating characteristic curve up to 0.87. Three main methodological conclusions are drawn: (a) The evaluation of different machine learning classifiers and various resampling strategies and the subsequent selection of the best performing ones is shown to be a good strategy in this type of studies; (b) ad hoc calibration tools, such as data on borehole success rates, provide an apt complement to standard machine learning metrics; and (c) a multiclass approach with an unbalanced database represents a greater challenge than predicting a bivariate outcome, but potentially results in a finer depiction of field conditions. New hydrological insights for the region: Alluvial sediments were found to be the most productive areas, while the Mandingue Plateau has the lowest groundwater potential. The piedmont areas showcase an intermediate groundwater prospect. Elevation, basement depth, slope and geology rank among the most important variables. Lower values of clay content, slopes and elevations, and higher values of basement depth and saturated thickness were linked to the most productive class.

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CRUE-CSIC (Acuerdos Transformativos 2022)

Uncontrolled Keywords:Machine learning, Groundwater exploration, Yield prediction, GIS, Mali
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Hidrology
ID Code:75366
Deposited On:07 Nov 2022 08:20
Last Modified:07 Nov 2022 08:56

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